swedish SS Liana [+1940]
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nationality swedish
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1898
is nickname no
live live
weight (tons) 1664  grt
dimensions 80.77 x 11.89 x 5.21 m
material steel
engine triple expansion engine
power 150  n.h.p.
yard no. 551
IMO/Off. no. 303204
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 16/02/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.10rank: 652
about people
William Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
engine by
Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd., Hartlepool
last owner
[1]Rederi A/B Amaryllis J. Ohlsson, Helsingborg
SS Liana [+1940]
period 1925 ~ 1940
IMO/Off. no.: 303204
prev. owners
[2]Olburs V. R., Göteborg (Gothenburg)
SS Jaffa
period 1919 ~ 1925
IMO/Off. no.: 303204
[3]Broström Axel & Son - Svenska Amerika Linien - Rederi A/B Sverige-Nordamerika, Göteborg (Gothenburg)
SS Roland
period 1917 ~ 1919
IMO/Off. no.: 303204
[4]Jonsson J. P., Landskrona
SS Emanuel
period 1916 ~ 1917
IMO/Off. no.: 303204
[5]Rederi A/B Helsingborg - Luggude - Corfitzon H. G., Helsingborg
SS Emanuel
period 1898 ~ 1916
IMO/Off. no.: 303204
no. of crew 20
about the wreck
depth (m.) 57 max. / 35 min. (m)
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 28/08/2008
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 14/02/2011
[1] Lettens Jan02/12/2010
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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Lettens Jan04/04/2013

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 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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Allen Tony26/06/2007Liana was a Swedish steam freighter built in 1898 and she was 1664 tons. When on route carrying coal from BLYTH for HALMSTAD she was torpedoed by U-14 and sunk. 10 crew were lost. She sank 24 miles North of KINNAIRD HEAD, Scotland.
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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About Builders
 William Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
William Gray and Company of Central Marine Engineering Works, West Hartlepool, was a shipbuilding firm from 1874-1963. They were the largest firm of shipbuilders in the Hartlepools and also lasted longer than any other local shipbuilding firm. For a hundred years the company ensured the towns’ prosperity by giving jobs to thousands of local people.

William Gray and Co always maintained its reputation for being in the vanguard of technological and technical innovation. The company regularly topped the output for British shipyards in the last decade of the nineteenth and early 20th century. Between 1883 and 1887 the yard expanded through the acquisition of one ten acre site (Central) and a three berth shipyard (Jackson).

Towards the end of the 19th century, demand was for bigger ships which could carry more cargo. This led to the opening, in 1887, of another Gray shipyard at the end of the Central Dock. In 1890 William Gray was knighted. He was active in the civil life of Hartlepool having been the first mayor of West Hartlepool among many other achievements.

In 1896 Matthew Gray died in 1896, followed two years later by both Sir William Gray, and Thomas Mudd. This left Sir William’s younger son, William Cresswell Gray, as Chairman of the company. In 1898 Sir William Gray died. His surviving son William Cresswell Gray became director of the yards.

During WWI output was 30 cargo-liners and tramps built to private order, 13 vessels built to Admiralty order and 30 standard "WAR" tramps built for the Shipping Controller. King George V and Queen Mary visited the yard to boost morale. The yard had a 100-ton hammer head crane which was a Hartlepool landmark until it was demolished in the 1960s.

The Company went into voluntary liquidation in 1962. The various yards were either acquired, auctioned or demolished in 1963.

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Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd., Hartlepool
Central Marine Engine Works of West Hartlepool and Hartlepool
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SS Liana [+1940]
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