american Texaco - The Texas Co. SS Ohio (stern) [+1946]
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general
nationality american
purpose transport
type tanker
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1940
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 9514  grt
dimensions 156.6 x 20.8 x 11.1 m
material steel
engine 2 steam turbines, single shaft
armament 1 5-inch low-angle gun (aft) 1 3-inch AA-gun (bows) 1 40 mm army Bofors abaft the funnel 6 20 mm naval Oerlikons
power 1718  n.h.p.
speed 16.5  knots
yard no. 190
IMO/Off. no. 239732
call sign
BDYG  
BDYG
about the loss
cause lost used as a target
other reasons gunfire - shelled
date lost 19/09/1946  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties 0
about people
builder
Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester (Pa)
engine by
Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co., Essington
owner
Texaco - The Texas Co.
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 200 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 28/08/2008
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 17/09/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan02/01/2009
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Allen Tony07/10/2012The SS Ohio was an oil tanker built for the Texas Oil Company, (now Texaco). The ship was launched on April 20, 1940 at the Sun Shipbuilding Yard in Chester, Pennsylvania. She was requisitioned by the Allied forces to re-supply the island fortress of Malta, during the Second World War. The tanker played a fundamental role in Operation Pedestal, which was one of the fiercest and most heavily contested of the Malta Convoys, in August 1942.

Although Ohio reached Malta successfully, she was so badly damaged that she had to be effectively scuttled in order to offload her cargo, and never sailed again. The tanker is fondly remembered in Malta, where to this day she is considered to be the saviour of the beleaguered island.
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Builders
 Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester (Pa)
Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company (Sun Ship) was developed by Sun Oil in 1916 as a tanker builder and was in continuous operation throughout the lean inter-war years. At the beginning of the WWII emergency, its 8 ways were increased to 20 with $28mm from the USMC, and later to 28, making it the single largest shipyard in the country. At its peak it employed more than 40,000 people, organized in four adjacent yards. The most northerly of the four, known as the #4 Yard, was manned almost exclusively by African-American workers. After the war, the South Yard and the #4 Yard were sold for industrial development and Sun continued as a merchant shipbuilder in the Central and North Yards. It was sold to Pennsylvania Shipbuilding (Penn Ship) in 1982, but closed in 1989. The North Yard is now Penn Terminals, a very successful independent cargo terminal: this was the first U.S. port facility to employ Boilermaker labor, a move that was so successful that Local 802 now also works Horizon Terminals, im Philly. The Central Yard site has been sold or leased for multiple uses: the south end is now part of neighboring Kimberly-Clark (formerly Scott Paper), the parking lot to the east of Morton Avenue is now a state penitentiary and the big floating dry-dock is now in Galveston; the remainder of the Central Yard is now Harrah's Chester Casino & Racetrack.

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SS Ohio (stern) [+1946]
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Malta (approaches) Strait of Sicily - Southern Reaches Malta Channel to Stretto di Messina Menorca to Sicilia including Malta Sicilia to Nisos Kriti Cap Bon to Ra's Al Tin Mediterranean The World
 
 
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