british SS Anna Sofie [+1918]
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nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1896
live live
weight (tons) 2577  grt
dimensions 98.1 x 13.4 x 6.3 m
engine triple expansion by Blair & Co., Stockton-on-Tees, single screw
armament armed merchant
power 245  h.p.
yard no. 321
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 23/07/1918  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 669
about people
Ropner & Sons Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
engine by
Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
last owner
[1]TSC - The Shipping Controller (WWI), London
SS Anna Sofie [+1918]
period --- ~ 1918
prev. owners
[2]Theologos A/S D/S, Haugesund
SS Anna Sofie
period 1915 ~ 1918
[3]Coutzis Bros, Piraeus
SS Theologos
period 1912 ~ 1915
[4]Anargyros S., Piraeus
SS S. Anargyros
period 1902 ~ 1912
[5]Pyman G. & Co. - George Pyman & Co., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
SS Veva
period 1896 ~ 1902
about the wreck
depth (m.) -- max. / 38 min. (m)
position on seabed upright
visibility good
current strong
sea bed rocks
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Hutchinson Steve
last update 12/10/2013
[1] Hutchinson Steve26/03/2012
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
AIShydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 Steve Hutchinson, Harlyn Dive School, Padstow
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan22/03/2012

UK hydro member
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

UK hydro member
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office

Hutchinson Steve28/03/2012

I have dived this wreck many times over past 20 years and suspected it was the Anna Sofie although now proved. Have recovered many shell cases (20 pounders) It is difficult to locate as well broken up sitting next to a reef that is a wall standing 6-7 metres high. only engine and boilers stand up. Very easy to hook the reef.
NB! Hydrographic survey has caused confusion. Fugro survey 2011 actually refers to the SS Poldown not too far from this position.
ref. used
 Steve Hutchinson, Harlyn Dive School, Padstow

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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Alan Betteney , Shipbuilding in Stockton and Thornaby 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Lockett Graham  
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Allen Tony21/07/2009Anna Sofie SS was a 2,577grt, defensively-armed British Merchant Ship obuilt in1896 by Ropner, Stockton, England for G. Pymanj & Co.., West Hartlepool, England as the British cargo steamer VEVA SS. In1902 she was rened S. ANARGYROS SS and in 1912 THEOLOGOS and finally in 1915 ANNA SOFIE SS.

On the 23rd July 1918 she was torpedoed and sunk when 4 miles W from Trevose Head, Cornwall, UK by German submarine U-55 when on route from Rouen for Barry Roads in ballast. 1 life lost.
ref. used: 
[1] His Majesty'S Stationary Office, British Merchant Shipping (Losses) WW1
Hutchinson Steve18/04/2011Wreck alongside Diver Rock positively identified by number on steam valve found by Andy McKnight (1275 MC) This is the Anna Sofie built by Ropner and Sons in 1896
ref. used: 
 Steve Hutchinson, Harlyn Dive School, Padstow
Vleggeert Nico12/08/2008Torpedoed by U-55 and sank 4 miles W of Trevose Head on a voyage from Rouen to Barry Road in ballast.
ref. used:
Lettens Jan22/03/2012UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
TSC - The Shipping Controller (WWI), London

The position of Controller-General of Merchant Shipbuilding was created for Lord Pirrie at a time when merchant shipbuilding in the United Kingdom was in a very unsatisfactory state and a stimulus to increased production was urgently needed.

He went to the Admiralty without any staff, and, as a war measure, a large number of standard cargo steamers were built in British yards under his authority and with his active management. The standard ships, for which the original programme had been laid down by the Shipping Controller, were built for account of the State and have since been sold to the shipping industry.

Lord Pirrie on his appointment gave close attention to the speedy repairing of torpedoed ships and improved the organization.

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About Builders
 Ropner & Sons Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
In 1888 Robert Ropner purchased the four-berth yard from Pearse, lockwood & Co. The shipyard was to be run by his son William who had been learning the business with Richardson Duck across the river. By the end of 1889 the yard had built 4 steamers for his company, all in steel, namely: "Maltby" & "Aislaby" both 4,350 ton dwt., "Raisby" 3,300 tons dwt and "Thornaby" 2,600 tons dwt. The total output for the yard in 1889 was 29,000 tons. By 1895 the yard was the third largest in the country with an output of 50,000 tons of shipping. A major innovation for the yard was the building of the first "trunk deck" steamer the "Trunkby", launched on the 21st October 1896 (4,000 tons dwt). This was a revolutionary design patented by Robert Ropner Junior. The yard was to build a total of 44 trunk deck ships. The yard was extended over the years and in 1914 employed some 1,500 people. In 1919 the yard was purchased by a syndicate of London and Cardiff ship owners and re-named Ropner Shipbuilding & Repairing Co. (Stockton) Ltd. In Dec. 1922 this company went in to voluntary liquidation. Though ships continued to be built with the "Willowpool" being the last ship built in 1925, with a yard number of 549. The company went in to final liquidation on 7th June 1928.

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Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Blair & Co. was formed from the engine maker Fossick & Hackworth.
In 1855 George Blair was appointed manager and in the spring of 1865 he was made a partner and the company became Fossick, Blair & Co. when Hackworth retired. Fossick died in 1866 and the company became Blair & Co. Blair was responsible for the expansion of the works to specialise in marine engines.

At this time the company had 700 employees (later to rise to 2,000) and covered an area of seven and a half acres. The first compound marine engine on the Tees was built by Blair's in January 1869 and fitted to the "Glenmore" built by Backhouse & Dixon.

In 1884 the company produced its first triple expansion engine for the "Burgos" built by Richardson Duck. In 1887 the sheerlegs, which were to become a Stockton landmark for many years were errected at a cost of £2,695. These shearlegs were capable of lifting up to 100 tons and were sighted near the river to lift marine engines into newly built ships.

By 1914 almost 1,400 marine engines had been built. At least 340 for Pearse, and later Ropner, 240 for Richardson Duck and 103 for Thomas Turnbull at Whitby. A total of 75 engines were built during the First World War.

The company was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials in 1919.

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SS Anna Sofie [+1918]
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