british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Tourmaline (T 42) [+1941]
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general
nationality british
purpose fishing
type trawler
propulsion steam
date built 1935
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 430  grt
dimensions 50 x 8.3 x 4.4 m
material steel
engine 1 x 3 Cyl. Triple expansion engine, 1 boiler, single shaft, 1 screw
armament 1 x 4" Gun
power 99  h.p.
speed  
yard no. 985
IMO/Off. no. 162898
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 05/02/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.3rank: 665
about people
builder
Smith's Dock Co. Ltd. (South Bank), Middlesbrough
engine by
Smith's Dock Co. Ltd. (South Bank), Middlesbrough
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Tourmaline (T 42) [+1941]
period 1935 ~ 1941
IMO/Off. no.: 162898
prev. owners
[2]Berkshire Fishing Co. (H. Markham Cook), Grimsby
FV Berkshire
period 1935 ~ 1935
IMO/Off. no.: 162898
captain Lt. Henry Patterson Carse Rnvr
about the wreck
depth (m.) 15 max. / 14 min. (m)
orientation 70°
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 12/06/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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Allen Tony26/06/2012Tourmaline HMT (T 42) was a British Royal Navy Anti Submarine trawler which was sunk in an air raid on the 5th February 1941 off North Foreland, Kent by Luftwaffe aircraft.
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Smith's Dock Co. Ltd. (South Bank), Middlesbrough
Smith's Dock Company who started at High Docks, South Shields, are often referred to simply as Smith's Dock, was a British shipbuilding company that became associated with South Bank in Middlesbrough on the River Tees in Northeast England, after opening an operation there in 1907.

Smiths Dock are perhaps most famous for preparing the design of the Flower class corvette, an anti-submarine convoy escort of WWII. In 1914 listed as Marine Engineers. During WWI the yard's output was 160 small ships. In the 1920's the yard began arc-welding along with riveting. Up to 1930 the yard mainly made colliers, tramps and cargo-liners.

In 1930 the yard entered the depression with a number of orders on its books. The worst year for the yard was 1932 when it was only able to launch one motor trawler. In 1931 the Stockton yard of Smiths Dock Co Ltd was purchased by National Shipbuilders Security for closure and dismantling. In 1936 the "Flower" class corvette based on the design of the whale-catcher Southern Pride, made its debut. 19 were made by the yard and 200 by other yards.

During the 1940s the yard made a number of cargo ships, tramps, colliers and the last case-oil carrier. In 1966 the yard was sold to Swan, Hunter and Wigham Richardson with the yard becoming part of the Swan Hunter Group later in the same year.

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