british Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. SS Horsted [+1939]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class coal cargo ship (collier)
propulsion steam
date built 1936
is nickname no
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 1670  grt
dimensions 78.03 x 11.28 x 4.88 m
material steel
engine Steam triple expansion by D. Rowan & Co. Ltd. Glasgow, two single boilers, single shaft
armament armed merchantship, 1 x stern gun
power 197  n.h.p.
speed 10  knots
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 04/12/1939  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.5rank: 660
about people
builder
Burntisland Shipbuilding Company Ltd., Burntisland
engine by
Rowan David & Co., Glasgow
owner
Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd., London
captain M. Hunter
about the wreck
status well broken up
depth (m.) 43 max. / 35 min. (m)
orientation 10°
position on seabed upright
visibility good
current normal
sea bed sand
protected no
war grave no
references
references
 Racey Carl
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Racey Carl
last update 06/09/2010
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Racey Carl05/04/2009The HORSTED was part of an East Coast convoy. She sank after a violent explosion beneath her hull, but whether this was caused by a mine or U-boat is uncertain. Three of the crew were killed in the explosion and two others died later of their injuries. The surviving crew jumped into the sea and were picked up by an escorting corvette. One of the crew had been in the water for near an hour before being found, extremely exhausted, but still alive. The Captain was among the survivors.

Dictionary of Disasters at Sea reports:- The HORSTED, Capt. M. Hunter, was torpedoed and sunk by a German Submarine on December 4th 1939. Five men were killed, Capt. Hunter was among the survivors. The HORSTED was in convoy at the time.
ref. used 
[1] Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
[2] Colin Brittain, eskside.co.uk


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About Owners
 
Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd., London

Originated as Stephenson Clarke & Co. in 1865 and became Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. in 1928, in 1945 changed to Stephenson Clarke Ltd. Changed name in 1968 to Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd. --- Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd is the oldest British shipping company. In 1730 the brothers Ralph and Robert Clarke purchased an interest in a 300-ton sailing vessel their limited trading activities were to develop during the next 270 years into the present Ship Owning and Ship Management business of Stephenson Clarke Shipping Limited. - Sons of the Reverend Ralph Clarke, a vicar of Long Benton , near North Shields, the two brothers took up seafaring Careers, becoming master mariners. They began buying shares in ships, in this way gradually establishing themselves as Ship Owners, although they also continued to serve at sea for some time. - Robert Clarke had two sons, John and Ralph. The former married Jane Stephenson, of North Shields, in 1775 and moved to London , where he was later joined by his brother to carry on the business of Ship Owning and coal factors. Thus were laid the foundations of the present shipping organisation.

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About Builders
 Burntisland Shipbuilding Company Ltd., Burntisland
Burntisland Shipbuilding Co. opened at Burntisland West Dock in 1918 as an emergency shipyard during World War 1. The yard was managed by the Ayre Brothers, Amos and Wilfrid. They built a four berth yard and this enabled them to build ships up to 450 feet in length. This hi-tech shipbuilding "factory" also included an extensive railway system to carry steel to the various parts of the yard. - - In 1918 the first three ships to be built were standard "C" types, the yard then went on to build five-hold three-island tramps and twenty four-hold engines-amidship colliers. The yard also built "Arch-deck" colliers. In the 1920s the yard built a number of large tramps and from 1921 to 1929 the yard made 12 such vessels. The orders for colliers and coasters were constant during the interwar years and this managed to keep the yard solvent. During the 1930s the yard made a number of "flat-iron" colliers and coasters. In the mid 30s the demand for "Burntisland Economies" continued, and over a dozen of these were completed from 1935 to 1939. - - During WWII the yard made three "Loch" class frigates and sixty merchant hulls, tramps and colliers. In addition a number of orders were received from he Government for tramps, merchant aircraft carriers and a coaster. The yard was also making ships for private customers. - - From 1945 to 1965 the Burntisland Yard consolidated its reputation for high quality tramps and cargo-liners by making over 50 vessels.

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SS Horsted [+1939]
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