british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Botanic (FY707) ? [+1942]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war (prev. fishing)
type minesweeper (ex-trawler)
propulsion steam
date built 1928
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 348  grt
dimensions 42.7 x 7.3 x 4 m
material steel
engine Steam triple expansion by C. D. Holme & Co. Ltd. Hull, one single boiler, single screw
armament armed
power 75  n.h.p.
speed  
yard no. 1023
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 18/02/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 670
about people
builder
Cochrane & Sons Shipbuilders Ltd., Selby
engine by
Holmes C. D. & Co. Ltd., Hull
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Botanic (FY707) ? [+1942]
period 1939 ~ 1942
prev. owners
[2]City Steam Fishing Co. Ltd., Hull
FV Botanic
period 1928 ~ 1939
captain P. Ray, Dsc, Rnr
about the wreck
status well broken up
depth (m.) 38 max. / 32 min. (m)
orientation 100°
position on seabed to port
visibility good
current normal
sea bed sand
protected no
war grave no
references
references
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Racey Carl
last update 13/01/2012
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office


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  Pictures  
 
copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Andy Dowsland copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu   
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Racey Carl13/05/2009Built for City Steam Fishing Co, Hull; Yard No 1023; Launched 20th June, 1928; Requisitioned by the Royal Navy and converted into a mine-sweeper; Bombed and sunk by German aircraft. The mine sweeper WARLAND was also bombed that day a few miles to the south; One man killed (Seaman James Michael Yeatman).

Dover Harbour, Sunday, 15 September 1940 BOTANIC, bombing, Six men were killed when the BOTANIC was apparently damaged during an air attack; Captain Lees died in the incident. CHERRINGTON, William R, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 21521 A, killed. ISITT, Arthur, Leading Stoker 2c, RNPS, LT/KX 104073, killed. JONES, William, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 190111, DOW LEES, Andrew R, Skipper, RNR, killed. STANTON, Ernest, Seaman, RNPS, LT/JX 184444, killed. WHITE, Joseph C, Seaman, RNR (PS), LT/X 7678 C, killed.
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl13/05/2009Verious reports:- February 1942 whilst operating out of Grimsby in company with H.M.T. FLYDEA. The FLYDEA was partnered with BOTANIC, sweeping off the Humber, when BOTANIC took a hit from a German bomber and slowly sank. FLYDEA took Botanic in tow but in vain. All BOTANIC´s crew were rescued except for one casualty from the explosion. Skipper of BOTANIC at this time was Philip Kay, a Fleetwood man.

Requisitioned by Royal Navy August 1939; employed as a minesweeper; pennant number Fy.707. Commanded by Lieutenant John Glendinning Paterson RNVR she was sunk by air attack sixteen miles north-east of Spurn Head, North Sea; one man killed (Seaman James Michael Yeatman).

Vessel was sunk by being bombed by German aircraft. The mine-sweeper WARLANDS was also sunk during the same attack a few miles to the south.
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Cochrane & Sons Shipbuilders Ltd., Selby
Cochrane and Sons was owned by Andrew Cochrane who originally founded a shipyard in 1884 at Beverley, but then moved in 1898, 50 miles away from the sea by river to Selby in Yorkshire, England. Cochrane and Sons built their reputation for building trawlers and coasters for the Hull and Grimsby fishing fleets. - - - In 1965 control of the yard passed from the Cochrane family to Ross Group Ltd who then sold on to the Drypool Group Ltd in 1969. In 1976, the Selby yard was bought up by United Towing Co. Ltd of Hull. The company’s name was changed to Cochrane Shipbuilders in 1977 and built an average of four ships per year for the next 15 years, mainly tugs, trawlers, oil rig supply vessels, ferries dry-cargo coasters and coastal tankers.

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Holmes C. D. & Co. Ltd., Hull
In 1869 Charles D. Holmes was founded in Hull as marine engineering company.

In 1959 the company was privatized.

During the 1960's the company built tugs for the Humber fleet, as well as companies from further. The company were general marine engineers, boiler makers, welders, metal sprayers, and makers of marine diesel engines with 400 employees. In 1963 purchased the yard of Cook, Welton & Gemmel.

During the 1970s the yard made more tugs for the Navy, BP and the Iranian Government. The yard was acquired by the Drypool Group in 1975 and after building one further ship, went into liquidation again.

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  Movies  
 
Lettens Jan  04/11/2010
Minesweeping in WWII
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Minesweeping in WWII
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Minesweeping in WWII
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HMT Botanic (FY707) ? [+1942]
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