british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Thomas Cornwall [+1918]
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nationality british
purpose war
type trawler
subtype/class Mersey class trawler
propulsion steam
date built 1918
live live
weight (tons) 324  grt
dimensions 45.1 x 7.24 x 3.81 m
material steel
engine Steam triple expansion, one single boiler, single screw.
armament 1 x 12 pounder forecastle mounted deck gun; Depth-charge thower
power 600  n.h.p.
speed 11  knots
yard no. 821
about the loss
cause lost collision
date lost 29/10/1918  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.20rank: 635
about people
Lobnitz & Co. Ltd., Renfrew
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
about the wreck
depth (m.) 53 max. / 46 min. (m)
orientation 145°
position on seabed upright
visibility good
current normal
protected no
war grave no
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Racey Carl
last update 06/01/2013
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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copyright: Racey Carl
 copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Malcolm Young 
 copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Scarborough Maritime Heritage Centre , George Scales Maritime Photographs copyright: UK Hydrographic Office 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Racey Carl08/10/2009The Thomas Cornwall was a steam trawler taken over by the Admiralty, whilst under constuction at Lobnitz, and converted into an armed patrol vessel. The HMT THOMAS CORNWALL was based at Grimsby and was lost following a collision with an un-named vessel, during an East Coast patrol, off Filey Bay on 29/10/1918
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl08/10/2009

Arthur Young 1884 - 1918

Rank - Petty Officer - Royal Naval Reserve

Service No. 2643 D.A. 2HD

Lost at sea following a collision off

Flamborough Head whilst serving on the

Admiralty Trawler “Thomas Cornwall” No.445

29th October 1918

ref. used: 
 Malcolm Young
Racey Carl15/03/2009Yard No 821; A newly built trawler commissioned by the Admiralty as Mersey-Class armed patrol vessel No 3702; A total of 122 built by many builders, the names of the Strath, Mersey and Castle-Class trawlers were all taken from the master rolls of the crews of the ships HMS ROYAL SOVEREIGN and HMS VICTORY after the Battle of Trafalgar; 1 x 12 pounder forecastle mounted deck gun; Stern mounted depth-charge thower; Vessel lost following a collision with an un-named vessel with 20 lives lost; This was the last vessel to be lost off the Yorkshire Coast during the Great War; Also reported as Admiralty Trawler No 445.
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Lobnitz & Co. Ltd., Renfrew
Henry C. Lobnitz originally joined the Renfrew yard of James Henderson in 1857, but by 1894 was the owner of the yard. Lobnitz was Danish and used his Danish connections to generate trade for his yard. The Lobnitz yard built a wide variety of ships but was most well known for its dredging fleet made for Weetman Pearson. - - Lobnitz and Co of Renfrew made steam engines for marine use.

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HMT Thomas Cornwall [+1918]
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