british Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. SS Pitwines ? [+1941]
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nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class coal cargo ship (collier)
propulsion steam
date built 1923
live live
weight (tons) 932  grt
dimensions 63.7 x 9.4 x 4 m
material steel
engine Triple expansion by N.E.M.E, Co. Ltd., Newcastle, one single boiler, single screw, machinery aft.
power 121  n.h.p.
yard no. 119
about the loss
cause lost collision
date lost 19/11/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
Burntisland Shipbuilding Company Ltd., Burntisland
engine by
North Eastern Marine Engineers Ltd., Sunderland
last owner
[1]Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd., London
SS Pitwines ? [+1941]
period 1932 ~ 1941
prev. owners
[2]Wandsworth, Wimbleton & Epsom District Gas Co., London
SS Wandle
period 1923 ~ 1932
about the wreck
depth (m.) 46 max. / 38 min. (m)
orientation 20°
protected no
war grave no
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Racey Carl
last update 26/02/2011
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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 UK Hydrographic Office

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  copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Racey Carl20/11/2009Built for Wandsworth, Wimbledon & Epsom District Gas Co. as the WANDLE; Yard No 119; Launch date 20/12/1922; Sold to Stephenson Clark in 1932 and re-named PITWINES; On January 11th 1940 the PITWINES survived an attack from German aircraft, some 25 miles SE by S of Flamborough Head, when she was bombed and machine gunned. On the 11th November she survived another bombing by German aircraft when off the coast of Yarmouth.

The PITWINES was on passage from West Hartlepool to Gateshead, London, with a cargo of coal, when she foundered and lost following a collision 7 miles NE of Heugh (off 19D Buoy), West Hartlepool.
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd., London

Originated as Stephenson Clarke & Co. in 1865 and became Stephenson Clarke & Associated Companies Ltd. in 1928, in 1945 changed to Stephenson Clarke Ltd. Changed name in 1968 to Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd. --- Stephenson Clarke Shipping Ltd is the oldest British shipping company. In 1730 the brothers Ralph and Robert Clarke purchased an interest in a 300-ton sailing vessel their limited trading activities were to develop during the next 270 years into the present Ship Owning and Ship Management business of Stephenson Clarke Shipping Limited. - Sons of the Reverend Ralph Clarke, a vicar of Long Benton , near North Shields, the two brothers took up seafaring Careers, becoming master mariners. They began buying shares in ships, in this way gradually establishing themselves as Ship Owners, although they also continued to serve at sea for some time. - Robert Clarke had two sons, John and Ralph. The former married Jane Stephenson, of North Shields, in 1775 and moved to London , where he was later joined by his brother to carry on the business of Ship Owning and coal factors. Thus were laid the foundations of the present shipping organisation.

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About Builders
 Burntisland Shipbuilding Company Ltd., Burntisland
Burntisland Shipbuilding Co. opened at Burntisland West Dock in 1918 as an emergency shipyard during World War 1. The yard was managed by the Ayre Brothers, Amos and Wilfrid. They built a four berth yard and this enabled them to build ships up to 450 feet in length. This hi-tech shipbuilding "factory" also included an extensive railway system to carry steel to the various parts of the yard. - - In 1918 the first three ships to be built were standard "C" types, the yard then went on to build five-hold three-island tramps and twenty four-hold engines-amidship colliers. The yard also built "Arch-deck" colliers. In the 1920s the yard built a number of large tramps and from 1921 to 1929 the yard made 12 such vessels. The orders for colliers and coasters were constant during the interwar years and this managed to keep the yard solvent. During the 1930s the yard made a number of "flat-iron" colliers and coasters. In the mid 30s the demand for "Burntisland Economies" continued, and over a dozen of these were completed from 1935 to 1939. - - During WWII the yard made three "Loch" class frigates and sixty merchant hulls, tramps and colliers. In addition a number of orders were received from he Government for tramps, merchant aircraft carriers and a coaster. The yard was also making ships for private customers. - - From 1945 to 1965 the Burntisland Yard consolidated its reputation for high quality tramps and cargo-liners by making over 50 vessels.

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North Eastern Marine Engineers Ltd., Sunderland
North Eastern Marine Engineering Co of South Docks, Sunderland was formed in 1860. Engine builders in Sunderland and Wallsend, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. By 1889 the company's works at Sunderland and Wallsend have supplied 100 vessels afloat with their triples fitted. In 1925 sees the Application of Superheated Steam to Marine Engines at both Wallsend and Sunderland. Also now manufacturing marine engines, turbines, marine oil engines, boilers, condensers, feed and ballast pumps, evaporators, feed-water cleaners and heaters, circulating pumps etc. In 1938 became North Eastern Marine Engineers Co. (1938) Ltd., Sunderland.

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SS Pitwines ? [+1941]
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