british SS Hercules [+1940]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose utility
type tug
propulsion steam
date built 1893
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 82  grt
dimensions 24.56 x 5.51 x 2.86 m
material steel
engine triple expansion engine, 1 boiler, 1 screw
power 45  n.h.p.
speed 10  knots
yard no. 99
IMO/Off. no. 99594
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 22/11/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.4rank: 662
about people
builder
Cook, Welton & Gemmell Ltd., Beverley (Hull)
engine by
Earles Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd. (C. & W. Earle), Hull
last owner
[1]Robinson, William Pace, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
SS Hercules [+1940]
period 1936 ~ 1940
IMO/Off. no.: 99594
prev. owners
[2]South Stockton Shipbreaking Co. Ltd, Stockton-On-Tees
SS Hercules
period 1936 ~ 1936
IMO/Off. no.: 99594
[3]London & North Eastern Railway Co., London
SS Hercules
period 1893 ~ 1936
IMO/Off. no.: 99594
[4]Hull Dock Co. Ltd., Hull
SS Hercules
period 1893 ~ 1893
IMO/Off. no.: 99594
captain James Robinson
about the wreck
depth (m.) 18 max. / 15.3 min. (m)
orientation 93°
protected
war grave
references
references
 Michael Thompson, Cook, Welton & Gemmell - Shipbuilders Of Hull & Beverley
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Racey Carl
last update 10/05/2012
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan12/10/2010
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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Lettens Jan12/10/2010

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Racey Carl10/05/2012On 22 November 1940, the HERCULES, commanded by Captain James Robinson, foundered after detonating a mine laid by a German aircraft in position: 55 00.33’N - 01 22.45’W, about three-quarters of a mile east of the Tyne entrance.

The tug had been towing hopper barge No.116 full of rubbish to the spoil ground, when she blow up and sank almost immediately; four crewmen were missing and one man was found dead. The barge was only slightly damaged and was later towed back to the Tyne.
ref. used 
 Young, Ron, The Ultimate Shipwreck Guide: Whitby To Berwick
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Builders
 Cook, Welton & Gemmell Ltd., Beverley (Hull)
Shipbuilders of Hull & Beverley 1883 -1963 Vessels built at Hull between 1885 - 1904 & Vessels built at Beverley between 1902 - 1963 -- The company was set up on the Humber Bank at Hull by William James Cook, Charles Keen Welton and William Gemmell, three former employees of Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co who set up their own company in 1882, initially to undertake repairs and then build vessels themselves. The first ship to be made by the yard was a steam fishing smack. -

The company moved to a new yard in Grovehill, Beverley in 1901; they took over the Grovehill shipyard from Cochrane, Hamilton and Cooper which had previously been owned by Cochrane and Sons. The first production of the new yard were trawlers and whalers. They dredged the River Hull, allowing larger ships to be built. -

During WWI Tugs, minesweepers and anti-submarine patrol boats were the main ships built for the War effort. In the 1920s the yard consolidated its reputation for building high quality trawlers and continued to do this during the inter war years. During the WWII the yard's output consisted of trawlers, Admiralty corvettes, landing craft, mine-layers and anti-submarine trawlers.After the war, the yard focussed on trawlers again along with a few tugs. -

The Grovehill shipyard continued to be busy. In 1954 the comany had workforce of 650. It was reported that 15 vessels were launched in 1954, five more than in the previous year. They included three minesweepers, four trawlers, and a tug: they were typical of the orders being received by the yard at that time. At least three of the trawlers launched in 1954 and 1955 were exported to South Africa. -

For many years, the chairman of Cook, Welton and Gemmell was Harold Sheardown, a Hull businessman who was also vice-chairman of the Kingston Steam Trawler Co., which was one of the best customers of the Beverley shipyard. In 1963 the yard struggled to find orders and was closed under the Cook, Welton and Gemmell name on 31st March 1963. Soon after the yard was purchased by Charles D. Holmes and Co. The company name was changed to Beverley Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. This was in turn taken over by Whitby Shipyard Ltd on 1 July 1976

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Earles Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd. (C. & W. Earle), Hull
Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co was the largest yard building the biggest ships on the Humber based in Hull --- The company was started in Hull in 1845 by two brothers from York, Charles and William Earle, who set themselves up as engineers and ship buiders. At times, as many as two or three thousand men were employed in shipbuilding and repair activities, including the construction of many Wilson Line vessels. The company was reconstituted as Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Company Limited in 1871 after the death of Charles and the illness of William Earle. Serious problems in the 1890s eventually led to the voluntary liquidation of the firm, which was then bought by Charles Wilson of the Wilson Line. The firm retained its name, but was wholly owned by members of the Wilson family for the rest of its existence. The trade slump of the 1920s and early 1930s led to prolonged short-time working. The yard was finally closed in 1932 when it was acquired by the National Shipbuilders Securities Limited under the national shipyard rationalisation scheme which precluded its use as a shipbuilding yard to 40 years. Nearly 700 ships had been built by the company between 1853 and 1931.

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SS Hercules [+1940]
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