british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Cramond Island [+1941]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose fishing
type trawler
propulsion steam
date built 1910
status
dead (not found) dead (not found)
details
weight (tons) 180  grt
dimensions 39 x 6.7 x 6.1 m
engine 1 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engine, single shaft, 1 screw
power 70  h.p.
speed  
yard no. 400
IMO/Off. no. 129400
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 02/04/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.5rank: 660
about people
builder
Mackie & Thomson & Co., Glasgow
engine by
Lidgerwood W. V. V. Ltd., Glasgow
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Cramond Island [+1941]
period 1935 ~ 1941
IMO/Off. no.: 129400
prev. owners
[2]Thomas H. Scales, Leith
FV Cramond Island (LH114)
period 1919 ~ 1935
IMO/Off. no.: 129400
[3]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Cramond Island (No.1495)
period 1915 ~ 1919
IMO/Off. no.: 129400
[4]Leith Steam Fishing Co. Ltd, Leith
FV Cramond Island (LH114)
period 1910 ~ 1915
IMO/Off. no.: 129400
captain
no. of crew 16
about the wreck
depth (m.) 57 max. / 35 min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 18/10/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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  History  
 
Allen Tony11/01/2012HMT Cramond Island was converted into a Boom Defense vessel in 1939. On the 2nd April 1941 she was sunk during and air attack by a German JU 88 aircraft 3 miles east of St. Abbs Head, eleven of her crew got away in a boat and two on a raft. Two were killed, one from a direct hit by a bomb, the other drowned. Three more ratings died of wounds.
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Mackie & Thomson & Co., Glasgow
The "Old Yard" lay unoccupied until it was acquired by Messrs. Mackie & Thomson in October 1888 and was called the Govan Shipbuilding Yard. Mackie & Thomson built over 300 hundred vessels at the "Old Yard" including two of the largest sailing barques ever built in Govan.
 
 
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HMT Cramond Island [+1941]
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