british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Dasher [+1943]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war
type aircraft carrier
propulsion steam
date built 1941
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 12000  grt
dimensions 151 x 21 x 7.6 m
material steel
engine 2 x 6 cyl. Doxforf diesels, 1 shaft
power 10400  h.p.
speed 16.5  knots
about the loss
cause lost explosion
date lost 27/03/1943  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.379rank: 294
about people
builder
Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester (Pa)
engine by
Doxford W. & Sons - William Doxford & Sons Ltd., Sunderland
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 527
about the wreck
depth (m.) 131 max. / 170 min. (m)
orientation 90°
protected yes
war grave yes
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/07/2002
last update Lettens Jan
last update 06/04/2011
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

HMS Dasher is a British aircraft carrier, resting intact and upright in 170m / 555ft of water, midway between Arran and Ardrossan in the lower Clyde on the west coast of Scotland. Hitherto, it had been considered out of reach for untethered diving. The water temperature on the wreck was 5 C, rising to 14 C near the surface. Visibility was 3m (10ft) on the wreck, but only 150mm (6 inches) in some water layers.

The water was infested with stinging jellyfish down to 70m (225 ft). The Clyde is tidal, but with low tidal flow on the wreck site. The wreck has a considerable amount of netting fouling the superstructure.

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

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  History  
 
Wilson Stuart18/08/2005British Navy escort aircraft carrier; 1940; 12.000 tons; 496x69.5x28.5; 8.500 bhp; 16.5 knots; diesel engines; one 4 in A.A. gun; four 40mm A.A., eight 20 mm A.A. 20 aircraft. Converted aircraft carrier blew up and sank in the River Clyde, Scotland between the Isle of Arran and Ardrossan. Loss of 379 lives. These were US built ships and did not have the same specifications as RN carriers, especially in regard to fire precautions.

It is thought that this led to the great loss of life when aircraft fuel leaked from onboard tanks and caught fire, after it thought an aircraft crash-landed.
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Sun Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Chester (Pa)
Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company (Sun Ship) was developed by Sun Oil in 1916 as a tanker builder and was in continuous operation throughout the lean inter-war years. At the beginning of the WWII emergency, its 8 ways were increased to 20 with $28mm from the USMC, and later to 28, making it the single largest shipyard in the country. At its peak it employed more than 40,000 people, organized in four adjacent yards. The most northerly of the four, known as the #4 Yard, was manned almost exclusively by African-American workers. After the war, the South Yard and the #4 Yard were sold for industrial development and Sun continued as a merchant shipbuilder in the Central and North Yards. It was sold to Pennsylvania Shipbuilding (Penn Ship) in 1982, but closed in 1989. The North Yard is now Penn Terminals, a very successful independent cargo terminal: this was the first U.S. port facility to employ Boilermaker labor, a move that was so successful that Local 802 now also works Horizon Terminals, im Philly. The Central Yard site has been sold or leased for multiple uses: the south end is now part of neighboring Kimberly-Clark (formerly Scott Paper), the parking lot to the east of Morton Avenue is now a state penitentiary and the big floating dry-dock is now in Galveston; the remainder of the Central Yard is now Harrah's Chester Casino & Racetrack.

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Doxford W. & Sons - William Doxford & Sons Ltd., Sunderland
William Doxford and Sons began in 1840 at Cox Green. William Doxford and Sons Ltd, often referred to simply as Doxford, was established in 1857 by William Doxford. From 1870 they were based in Pallion, Sunderland, on the River Wear in Northeast England. In 1904 the East Yard was built, and the 3 extra berths helped Doxford’s to win the blue riband in 1904 and 1907 for the highest production rate in the world.
The East Yard was rebuilt as a state of the art covered shipyard, which opened in 1976. Doxford’s joined Thompson’s, Laings and Greenwell’s in 1961 to form the Doxford and Sunderland Shipbuilding and Engineering Group. The Group was taken over in 1973 and re-named Sunderland Shipbuilders Ltd. It merged with Austin and Pickersgill’s in 1986, and closed in 1988.

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HMS Dasher [+1943]
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