british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Hawke (A 9) [+1914]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war
type cruiser
subtype/class Edgar class cruiser
propulsion steam
date built 1891
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 7350  disp (surf)
dimensions 118.1 x 18.3 x 7.3 m
material steel, armoured
engine 2 x triple expansion engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
armament 2 x 9.2"/233.7 mm guns, 10 x 6" guns, 12 x 6 pdr guns, 4 x 14" T.T.
power 12000  h.p.
speed 20.2  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 15/10/1914  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.527rank: 229
about people
builder
Chatham Dockyard (Royal Navy), London
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain Captain Hugh P.E.T. Williams
complement 544
about the wreck
depth (m.) 120 max. / 90 min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Lettens Jan
last update 15/08/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan01/09/2007

There are two ships near to each other, often confused with nearby Hawke HMS.
ref. used 
  numa.net

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Symonds & Co. 
 
 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Allen Tony26/06/2007HMS Hawke, British, Edgar class First Class Protected Cruiser. Torpedoed by German submarine U-9 off Aberdeen in the North Sea. The torpedo hit amidships and HMS Hawke capsized within 10 minutes. The destroyer Swift and the steamer Modesta picked up 71 survivors but about 500 crew were lost.
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Eekelers Dirk25/01/2006British Light cruiser torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-9. She was part of the 12th Cruiser Squadron and had met with HMS Endymion so she could collect mail. An account of the sinking by a U-Boat crew member : http://www.warships.net/royalnavy/losses/hawke-sinking.htm)

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Hawke (A 9) [+1914]
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