british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN MV Juniata (fore Part) [+1939]
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general
nationality british
purpose transport
type tanker
propulsion motor vessel (diesel)
date built 1918
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 1137  grt
dimensions 64 x 10.6 x 5 m
material steel
engine 2 diesel engines
power 180  h.p.
speed 9.5  knots
yard no. 411
about the loss
cause lost scuttled
date lost 02/03/1939  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Short Brothers Ltd., Pallion (Sunderland)
engine by
Bolinders J. & C. G., Stockholm
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
MV Juniata (fore Part) [+1939]
period 1939 ~ 1939
prev. owners
[2]Anglo-American Oil Co. Ltd., London
MV Juniata
period 1920 ~ 1939
[3]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
MV Sprucol
period 1918 ~ 1920
captain
about the wreck
status broken in two sections
depth (m.) 2 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
position on seabed upright
protected no
war grave no
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 27/08/2008
last update Racey Carl
last update 14/10/2010
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan17/01/2011
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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Lettens Jan17/01/2011

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 UK Hydrographic Office


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 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Racey Carl14/10/2010In January 1918 RFA Sprucol, one of the Admiralty designed 1,000 ton class of oilers, was completed at the shipyard of Short Brothers, Pallion, Sunderland. As a brand new coastal and harbour tanker, the ship was badly needed to service the vast Royal Navy fleet with much needed oil fuel, and as well as supplying this precious commodity, the fuel also had to be collected from Naval storage facilities.

Not long after the ship was commissioned, RFA Sprucol was steaming through the North Sea when on the 10th July 1918 she was torpedoed and severely damaged by the German submarine UB-110 (Kapitanleutnant Werner Fürbinger); the torpedo struck her around midship’s on the starboard side and blew a huge hole in the ship. Despite massive damage and the loss of 950 tons of her precious cargo, RFA Sprucol managed to limp into the Humber Estuary where she was then towed to Earle’s Shipbuilding and Engineering Company at Hull, where she spent the next four months in dry dock being repaired before rejoining the fleet.
ref. used 
[1]  historicalrfa.org
[2] Christopher J. White And Peter Robinson
Lettens Jan17/01/2011UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Short Brothers Ltd., Pallion (Sunderland)
George Short started in 1850, and moved to Pallion in 1869. Short’s built more ships for local owners than any other yard. It closed in 1964 when the firm was unwilling to redevelop and build bigger ships. The yard was demolished, although Bartram’s took over the fitting out quay, which was still in use in the 1980s.
 
 
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MV Juniata (fore Part) [+1939]
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