japanese Kokusai Kisen K. K. Hofuku Maru (+1944)
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general
nationality japanese
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class Taifuku Maru No.1 class cargo (jpn.)
Taifuku Maru No.1 class cargo (jpn.) Mount Pelion SS (+1942)
propulsion steam
date built 1918
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 5857  grt
dimensions 117.3 x 15.5 x -- m
material steel [*]
engine 1 triple expansion engine
power 440  nominal horsepower  [*]
speed 10  knots
yard no. 423
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 21/09/1944  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  161~797rank: 249
about people
builder
last owner
[1]Kokusai Kisen K. K.
Hofuku Maru (+1944)
period --- ~ 1944
prev. owners
[2]Kawasaki Dockyard Co. Ltd.
Hofuku Maru
period 1918 ~ ---
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 15/08/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 16/11/2012


[*] means that the value was inherited from Mount Pelion SS (+1942), the reference for Taifuku Maru No.1 class cargo (jpn.).
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan16/01/2010
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ref. used
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
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  History  
 
Allen Tony15/08/2008Hofuku Maru SS was a Japanese transport carrying 1,289 prisoners-of-war en route from Singapore to Japan was attacked and sunk by US torpedo carrying bombers. Loaded with British and Dutch POW´s, it stopped at Manila to unload the sick and dying.

It sailed again in convoy Mata-27 and was attacked for the second time about eighty miles north of Corregidor when only three days out. It took only a few minutes for the ship to go down drowning around 1,047 men who were trapped in the holds. Less than 250 survived.
ref. used: 
 Martime Disasters of WWII
Lettens Jan24/05/2012On September 21st 1944, at 1028, North of the Masinloc Sea, about 40 carrier-based aircraft of Vice Admiral (later Admiral) Marc A. Mitscher’s (USNA ’10) Task Force 38 attack a Japanese convoy and sink HOFUKU MARU. 11 crewmen and 150 passengers are KIA.

Note: the number of casualties varies greatly according to sources, from 161 to 1047!
ref. used: 
 combinedfleet.com
Lettens Jan16/01/2010AIR ATTACK PHILIPPINES 21-22 SEPT 1944

September 21st, 1944

TF 38 (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) begins strikes on Japanese shipping in Manila and Subic Bays, Clark and Nichols Fields near Manila, and the Cavite Navy Yard.

At Manila, planes from TG 38.1, TG 38.2, and TG 38.3 sink destroyer Satsuki, fleet tanker Kyokuto Maru, oilers Sunosaki and Okikawa Maru, tanker Horai Maru No.2, army cargo ships Norway Maru, Yozan Maru, China Maru and Tsukubusan Maru, merchant tanker Niyo Maru, cargo ships Hioki Maru, Risshun Maru, and Rozan Maru, army cargo ships Nansei Maru and Yamabuki Maru, army cargo ships Toyofuko Maru, Wakashiro Maru, Eikyu Maru, and Fukuei Maru, cargo ships Amahi Maru, Soerabaja Maru and Yamakaze Maru. ...

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ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII


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  History  
 
Lettens Jan16/01/2010AIR ATTACK PHILIPPINES 21-22 SEPT 1944

September 21st, 1944

TF 38 (Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher) begins strikes on Japanese shipping in Manila and Subic Bays, Clark and Nichols Fields near Manila, and the Cavite Navy Yard.

At Manila, planes from TG 38.1, TG 38.2, and TG 38.3 sink destroyer Satsuki, fleet tanker Kyokuto Maru, oilers Sunosaki and Okikawa Maru, tanker Horai Maru No.2, army cargo ships Norway Maru, Yozan Maru, China Maru and Tsukubusan Maru, merchant tanker Niyo Maru, cargo ships Hioki Maru, Risshun Maru, and Rozan Maru, army cargo ships Nansei Maru and Yamabuki Maru, army cargo ships Toyofuko Maru, Wakashiro Maru, Eikyu Maru, and Fukuei Maru, cargo ships Amahi Maru, Soerabaja Maru and Yamakaze Maru.

Navy carrier-based aircraft also sink Escort Vessel CD-5, passenger-cargo ship Hofuku Maru, tanker Ogura Maru No.1, army cargo ships Surakaruta Maru and Yuki Maru, merchant tanker Shichiyo Maru and cargo vessel Nansei Maru north of Masinloc.

September 22nd, 1944

Aircraft from TF 38 continue to wreak havoc on Japanese shipping in the Philippines.

Off Cebu, Navy carrier- based planes sink gunboat Onoshi Maru and auxiliary submarine chaser Yusen Maru No.16, and auxiliary submarine chaser Shonan Maru No.7 off the western tip of Luzon.

Off San Fernando, Luzon, U.S. Navy carrier planes sink fishery protection gunboat Suzuya Maru No.1, merchant cargo ship Eishin Maru and merchant tankers Hammei Maru No.9, Takasago Maru No.7 and Nanshin Maru No.24.
ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
 
 
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