german Norddeutscher Lloyd - Ndl - North German Lloyd SS General von Steuben [+1945]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality german
purpose transport
type passenger ship
propulsion steam
date built 1923
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 14666  grt
dimensions 160.3 x 19.8 x 13.1 m
engine 2 x triple expansion engines with exhaust turbines, 2 screws
power 1622  n.h.p.
speed 16.3  knots
yard no. 669
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 10/02/1945  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.3600rank: 12
about people
builder
Bremer Vulkan (Vegesack), Bremen
last owner
[1]Norddeutscher Lloyd - Ndl - North German Lloyd, Bremen
SS General von Steuben [+1945]
period 1938 ~ 1945
prev. owners
[2]Norddeutscher Lloyd - Ndl - North German Lloyd, Bremen
SS General Von Steuben
period 1931 ~ 1938
[3]Norddeutscher Lloyd - Ndl - North German Lloyd, Bremen
SS Munchen II
period 1923 ~ 1931
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 70 max. / 49 min. (m)
orientation 60°
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 15/08/2008
last update Lettens Jan
last update 25/07/2011
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan09/02/2009
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  The Wreck today  
 

Allen Tony24/12/2010

The wreck was found and identified in May 2004 by Polish Navy hydrographical vessel ORP Arctowski. Pictures and graphics appear in a 2005 article in National Geographic.The wreck lies on its port side at about 70 m depth, and the hull reaches up to 50 m depth. The ship is largely intact.

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  Pictures  
 
copyright: Deutsches Bundesarchiv
 
 copyright: Deutsches Bundesarchiv copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Hydrographic Institiute Polish Navy copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu    
 
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  History  
 
Allen Tony16/08/2008General von Steuben SS was a German Passenger Steamer of 14,660 tons. On the 10th February 1945 she was torpedoed and sunk by Russian submarine S-13 off Stolpe Bank, Baltic.

The 14,600 ton liner General von Steuben of the Nord German Lloyd shipping line, set sail from Pillau in the bay of Danzig, her destination being Swinemunde. On board were 2,800 wounded soldiers, 320 nurses and 30 doctors as well as over 1,500 refugees and 165 crewmen.

Just after midnight, torpedoes from Marinesko´s S-13 hit the Steuben. She sank in seven minutes, the wounded lying helpless, strapped to their stretchers. In those seven minutes some 3,608 persons died, around 659 being picked up by escorting ships.

Sixty years later in May, 2004, the wreck of the Steuben was found lying on its side at a depth of 45 meters (150 feet) and scattered all around the wreck are human remains, skulls and bones.

Within ten days, Captain Alexander Marinesko had sunk two of Germany’s largest liners and in the process had taken the lives of over 10,000 people. (Captain Marinesko died in October, 1963, from cancer and only in 1990, Mikhail Gorbachev posthumously awarded Marinesko with the title ´Hero of the Soviet Union´)
ref. used 
[1] Martime Disasters of WWII
[2]  shipwreckregistry...
Lettens Jan14/02/2011General Von Steuben has the unfortunate name to be among the 10 most dramatic sinking ever. Together with the Wilhelm Gustloff (torpedoed by S-13 only 11 days earlier), it also happens to be one of the least known disasters ever.

Titanic´s tragic sinking, with 1.500 people lost, is smashed by her staggering over 3.600 no of victims.

Designed to have only 1.800 passengers and crew, she was carrying over 4.000 people. Well aware this was a passenger ship, she was cruely sunk on 10th February 1945 in the cold Baltic Sea by torpedoes from the Soviet submarine S-13, commanded by Capt. Alexander Marinesko.

Perhaps more forgotten than these two German Liners was the Junyo Maru, taking 5.600 of the 6.500 POW packed in her old rusty cargo holds.

More (German) information on www.steuben.de.

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  Documents  
 
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About Builders
 Bremer Vulkan (Vegesack), Bremen
Founded in 1805 in Bremen.

Built U-boats in WWI under license in the Germaniawerft in Kiel.

Built 74 VII type u-boats in WWII.

Went bankrupt in 1996.
 
 
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