british British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. - BISN SS Gandara [+1942]
report an error
       
  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class WWI B-class standard cargo ship (br.)
WWI B-class standard cargo ship (br.) Balzac SS (+1941)
propulsion steam
date built 1919
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 5281  grt
dimensions 125.8 x 16 x 8.66 m
material steel
engine 1 x 3 Cyl. Triple expansion engine by Blair & Co., Stockton-on-Tees, England., single shaft, 1 screw
power 517  n.h.p.
speed 10  knots
yard no. 219
IMO/Off. no. 141925
about the loss
cause lost gunfire - shelled
date lost 06/03/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.13rank: 647
about people
builder
Craig, Taylor & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
engine by
Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
last owner
[1]British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. - BISN, London
SS Gandara [+1942]
period 1919 ~ 1942
IMO/Off. no.: 141925
prev. owners
[2]TSC - The Shipping Controller (WWI), London
SS War Peahen
period 1919 ~ 1919
IMO/Off. no.: 141925
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 30/07/2008
last update Lettens Jan
last update 02/09/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan06/12/2010
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
AIShydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
position disp.
show neighbour. wrecks members only
insert new position
 
  The Wreck today  
 
insert wreck site info
 
  Movies  
  insert new movie  
 
  Pictures  
 
 
  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Lockett Graham  
 
insert new picture
 
  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Vleggeert Nico18/08/2008The British steamship Gandara was some days out from Calcutta bound to Suez in company with the s.s. Dardanus when, on April 6th, 1942, the Dardanus -was bombed and disabled by a Japanese aircraft off Masulipatam. The Gandara took the disabled ship in tow. Soon afterwards three Japanese cruisers appeared and opened fire, whereupon the tow was cast off and the crews of both ships took to the boats.Both ships were sunk.

All on board the Dardanus were saved, but 13 of the Gundara´s crew were lost.
ref. used: 
  photoship.co.uk
Allen Tony30/07/2008Gandara SS was a Cargo vessel of 5,281 tons. On the 6th March 1942 she was sunk by by naval gunfire from IJN heavy cruisers (CA) Mikuma and Mogami (of Sentai 7 – 2nd Section) and destroyer (DD) Amagiri.
ref. used: 
 Allied Merchant Ship Losses in the Pacific & SE Asia
Lettens Jan06/12/2010In the Japanese Operation C, the Second Expeditionary Fleet, Malay Force (Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo) raids Allied shipping off the east coast of India.

The Japanese Northern Group (Rear Admiral Kurita Takeo) attacks an Allied convoy. Unarmed U.S. freighter Exmoor is sunk by gunfire of heavy cruisers Kumano and Suzuya, and destroyer Shirakumo, 19°53'N, 86°30'E. Also sunk are British merchantmen Silksworth, Autolycus, Malda and Shinkuang.

The Southern Group (Captain Sakiyama Shakao), consisting of heavy cruisers Mogami and Mikuma and destroyer Amagiri, sink British merchantmen Dardanus, Gandara and Indora. ...

read more
ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office


insert new history
 
  Documents  
  insert new document  
About Owners
 
British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. - BISN, London

Registered in 1856 as the Calcutta & Burmah Steam Navigation Co. and in 1862 became British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. In 1886 B.I. took control of the Australian S.N. Co. and their coastal services out of Brisbane. This became Australasian United S.N. Co. Apcar & Co., Calcutta with their fleet of five ships was taken over in 1912 and the five ships and the Australian company of Archibald Currie was absorbed in 1913. B.I. and P & O Steam Navigation Co. merged in 1914 but each kept their separate identities until 1971 when all ships came under the parent P&O company.

read more
 
About Builders
 Craig, Taylor & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Construction of the yard was started in June 1884 when a seven acre sight was taken over by G B Craig and Thomas Herbert Taylor. The first ship built for this company was the "Saint Andrew" in 1885. One of the main type of ships built at this time were oil tankers, these were so designed that if the oil trade failed they could easily be converted to a normal cargo ship. By 1900 the yard had expanded to 12 acres and employed 1000 people at 6 berths. By 1908 the sight consisted of 8 berths, capable of building ships up to 7,500 tons . Over the years the yard continued to expand until the recession hit in the late 1920s. The last ship launched being the "Portregis" in December 1929 with a yard number of 227. The yard finally closed in 1931. Under the name "Stockton Construction Co." the yard was used during the Second World War to assemble a total of 238 tank landing craft which were pre-fabricated at other yards on the Tees.

read more

Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Blair & Co. was formed from the engine maker Fossick & Hackworth.
In 1855 George Blair was appointed manager and in the spring of 1865 he was made a partner and the company became Fossick, Blair & Co. when Hackworth retired. Fossick died in 1866 and the company became Blair & Co. Blair was responsible for the expansion of the works to specialise in marine engines.

At this time the company had 700 employees (later to rise to 2,000) and covered an area of seven and a half acres. The first compound marine engine on the Tees was built by Blair's in January 1869 and fitted to the "Glenmore" built by Backhouse & Dixon.

In 1884 the company produced its first triple expansion engine for the "Burgos" built by Richardson Duck. In 1887 the sheerlegs, which were to become a Stockton landmark for many years were errected at a cost of £2,695. These shearlegs were capable of lifting up to 100 tons and were sighted near the river to lift marine engines into newly built ships.

By 1914 almost 1,400 marine engines had been built. At least 340 for Pearse, and later Ropner, 240 for Richardson Duck and 103 for Thomas Turnbull at Whitby. A total of 75 engines were built during the First World War.

The company was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials in 1919.

read more
 
 
  History  
 
Lettens Jan06/12/2010In the Japanese Operation C, the Second Expeditionary Fleet, Malay Force (Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo) raids Allied shipping off the east coast of India.

The Japanese Northern Group (Rear Admiral Kurita Takeo) attacks an Allied convoy. Unarmed U.S. freighter Exmoor is sunk by gunfire of heavy cruisers Kumano and Suzuya, and destroyer Shirakumo, 19°53'N, 86°30'E. Also sunk are British merchantmen Silksworth, Autolycus, Malda and Shinkuang.

The Southern Group (Captain Sakiyama Shakao), consisting of heavy cruisers Mogami and Mikuma and destroyer Amagiri, sink British merchantmen Dardanus, Gandara and Indora.

The Central Group, carrier Ryujo, heavy cruiser Chokai, light cruiser Yura, and destroyers Yugiri and Asagiri, attacks shipping in a third area. After planes from carrier Ryujo attack unarmed U.S. freighter Bienville, heavy cruiser Chokai shells and sinks the American merchantman at 17°50'N, 84°50'E. Floatplanes from Chokai bomb unarmed U.S. freighter Selma City (17°40'N, 83°20'E) and British freighter Ganges, sinking both. Her 29-man crew reaches Vizagapatam later the same day by boat. Yura and Yugiri, meanwhile, sink Dutch motorships Banjoewangi and Batavia and British steamer Taksang. Planes from Ryujo bomb and sink the British steamer Sinkiang and the Dutch motorship Van der Capellen (the latter sinks on 8 April) and, at Vizagapatam, bomb and damage British motorship Anglo Canadian.
ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
 
 
The World
pref. Google
 
 
WRECKS: DISABLED zoom out zoom in view full chart
chart
SS Gandara [+1942]
The World
 
 
  Update statistics  
 
  Advertisement  
 
advertise
 
   
  search  
 
You may consider access to
search wreck
show prev. names
A-Z search
 
search chart:
chart catalogue
 
search owner/builder: