russian Russian Navy - Soviet Navy - Soviet Union (1918-1991) Graf Zeppelin (+1947)
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general
nationality russian
purpose war
type aircraft carrier
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1936
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 33550 
dimensions 262.5 x 31.5 x 7.6 m
material steel
engine 4 x Geared turbines, four shafts, four screws.
armament 16 × 15 cm SK C/28 guns 12 × Flak (10.5 cm) 22 × 3.7 cm SK C/30 (AA) 28 × Flak (2.0 cm)
power 147000  kW
speed 19  knots
about the loss
cause lost scuttled
other reasons [1] deliberate
[2] used as a target
date lost 16/08/1947  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Deutsche Werke A. G., Kiel
last owner
[1]Russian Navy - Soviet Navy - Soviet Union (1918-1991)
Graf Zeppelin (+1947)
period 1945 ~ 1947
prev. owners
[2]German Navy (Kriegsmarine) 1935-1945
Graf Zeppelin
period 1938 ~ 1945
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 86 max. / 47 min. (m)
orientation 45°
position on seabed to starboard
protected no
war grave yes
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 21/07/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 08/12/2013
 
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[1] Lettens Jan02/02/2010
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 copyright: Polish Navy copyright: Polish Navy copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office 
 
 
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  History  
 
M.K.08/12/2013In December 1938, the "Graf Zeppelin" ran as a type-ship fleet for German support from the stack. 1943, the ship was still not ready to fight. Then Hitler forbade further construction. One of the sharpest critics of the policy of appeasement of the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain scored his conservative predecessor, Stanley Baldwin. However, just shows the example that attempts to come to terms with the Nazi regime in Germany , overlooked its aggressive potential.

Baldwin had barely taken office in 1935 , he joined the Hitler an agreement . The named the 18th June 1935 the " best day " of his life . Because with the German -British naval agreement , as the agreement is commonly called, key provisions of the Versailles Treaty through diplomatic channels were overridden , after Hi tler had already created in March with the introduction of conscription facts. The agreement with England seemed beyond to create a common path with the desired partner. Just five months later received the German shipyard in Kiel works commissioned to build an aircraft carrier . The contract stipulated that Germany could upgrade any type of vessel to 35 percent of British tonnage. This meant that battleships up to 183,000 tons the keel could be placed heavy cruisers to 51,000 tons and 47,000 tons of aircraft carriers up ....

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Allen Tony21/07/2008

Graf Zeppelin was a German aircraft carrier of the Kriegsmarine, named like the famous airship in honour of Graf (Count) Ferdinand von Zeppelin. It was Germany´s only aircraft carrier during World War II. Its construction was ordered on November 16, 1935, and its keel was laid down December 28, 1936 by Deutsche Werke of Kiel. It was launched on December 8, 1938, but was never completed.

The Germans scuttles the vessel at the end of the war but it was resurrected by the Soviet Union. But historians are unsure if the ship struck a mine on the way to Russia, or if it was deliberately sunk. One theory suggests the aircraft carrier may have been overloaded with Nazi war bullion.

On July 12, 2006 RV St. Barbara, a ship belonging to the Polish oil company Petrobaltic found a 265 m long wreck close to the port of Leba (a report says 55 km north of Wladyslawowo) which they thought was most likely Graf Zeppelin. On July 26, 2006 the crew of the Polish Navy´s survey ship ORP Arctowski commenced penetration of the wreckage to confirm its identity, and the following day the Polish Navy confirmed that the wreckage was indeed that of Graf Zeppelin. She rests at more than 87 meters (264 feet) below the surface



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  History  
 
M.K.08/12/2013In December 1938, the "Graf Zeppelin" ran as a type-ship fleet for German support from the stack. 1943, the ship was still not ready to fight. Then Hitler forbade further construction. One of the sharpest critics of the policy of appeasement of the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain scored his conservative predecessor, Stanley Baldwin. However, just shows the example that attempts to come to terms with the Nazi regime in Germany , overlooked its aggressive potential.

Baldwin had barely taken office in 1935 , he joined the Hitler an agreement . The named the 18th June 1935 the " best day " of his life . Because with the German -British naval agreement , as the agreement is commonly called, key provisions of the Versailles Treaty through diplomatic channels were overridden , after Hi tler had already created in March with the introduction of conscription facts. The agreement with England seemed beyond to create a common path with the desired partner. Just five months later received the German shipyard in Kiel works commissioned to build an aircraft carrier . The contract stipulated that Germany could upgrade any type of vessel to 35 percent of British tonnage. This meant that battleships up to 183,000 tons the keel could be placed heavy cruisers to 51,000 tons and 47,000 tons of aircraft carriers up .

It says something about the ideas of the future naval war in Europe , that the emphasis was still on the floating artillery carriers while the aircraft carriers only a minor role was assigned. Although the Navy even sent a delegation to Japan in order to procure the neces sary know -how for this new weapon had to start from scratch the German engineers basically . No naval power , which already had experience with carriers allowed to look at the cards . So it was that the first German aircraft carrier until 8 December 1938 ran to the stack. Neither his aircraft were ever finished , nor was he ever put into service . Old ideas , pioneering innovations The ship that Hermann Goering in his capacity as commander of the Air Force baptized in the name of "Graf Zeppelin" , was a hybrid of old ideas and pioneering innovations .

Technically successful were the powerful catapults that should accelerate the aircraft taking off . The - at first very prone to failure - hot steam propulsion engines with 200,000 horsepower, a cruising speed of up to 33.8 knots should enab le (63 kilometers per hour ) the carrier , were ahead of their time . Antiquated , however, was the equipment with 16, 15 - cm guns , which corresponded to the firepower of two light cruiser . The space for guns , ammunition and men to the detriment of the aircraft. While Japan and the United States had long recognized that aircraft constitute the strongest protection against enemy ships and coulddefend in the rest of the valuable support by escort ships , the German Navy frittered away .

Also the tactical ideas of the use of naval aviation were anything but contemporary. Thus, the "Graf Zeppelin" should have 20 torpedo bombers and reconnaissance aircraft and 13 dive bombers wear, but only ten fighters . This would have been completely overwhelmed with the double task of protecting the bo mbers and their own aircraft . Added to this was the turf wars between Navy and Air Force. While Göring looked at the aircraft carrier as his prestige object, the Navy leadership the idea refused to be just a glorified chauffeur. At its own Navy Air Force, as they talked , the U.S. and Japan , it came in the Third Reich never , not least because the aircraft were missing. Neither the supported versions of the Messerschmitt 109- hunter , nor that of the Junkers 87 bomber or the Fieseler 167 torpedo bomber came ever ready for production.

The career of the "Graf Zeppelin" and her sister ship are fine examples of how little ready for war , the German industry in the Second World War came . On one hand, tanks and aircraft to be produced in masses , on the other hand, battleships and submarines. The early tanks were inferior to the French , the battleships lacked the escort ships and aircraft carriers tactics and supplies. Capital ships were decommissioned Finally, the work on the support in favor of the expansion of the U- boat arm was set aside , especially since it soon became clear that the German Empire the British-French naval superiority in the foreseeable future would hardly be able to obtain .

The fear , the equally expensive - but the cost of construction without equipment amounted to more than 70 million marks - how to put prestigious ship in the battle on the line , would have its use probably as disabled as before, the strategy of the Imperial High Seas Fleet , which almost exclusively in the First World War had spent the harbor. On 26 January 1943 as the sixth Starv ed army at Stalingrad , Hitler ordered as well as to provide the remaining capital ships of the Navy decommissioned and invest all resources in the submarine construction . He accused them of success that would be out of proportion to their costs . The second set of Kiel German aircraft carrier had been dismantled in time . Now the "Graf Zeppelin" was towed to Stettin, anchored in the Oder and cannibalized for spare parts .

When in 1945 the Red Army was advancing , the torso was set to basic . In 1947 it drew a Russian ship in the Baltic Sea, where it acts as a target ship came to an end . Only in the summer of 2006, divers discovered the wreck of a Polish oil company 30 nautical miles north of Wladyslawowo ( Ellerwald ) . Compared with the large fleet carriers of the " Essex " class, whic h the U.S. Navy introduced in mid-1943 and the aircraft could carry up to 100 , the "Graf Zeppelin " took off really small and antiquated. Presumably, they would quickly become a victim of Allied aircraft and would thus expanding the narrow fleet history of Germany to another prominent downfall.
 
 
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