japanese Imperial Japanese Navy - IJN - 大日本帝国海軍 I-37 (+1944)
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general
nationality japanese
purpose war
type submarine
subtype/class B1 class submarine (jpn.)
B1 class submarine (jpn.) I-15 (+1942)
propulsion diesel and batteries
date built 1941
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 3654  disp (subm)
dimensions 108.7 x 9.3 x 5.1 m
material steel
engine 2 x diesel engines (12.400 hp) and 2 x electric motors (2.000 hp)
armament 17 torpedoes, 6 x 533mm T.T. (6 fwd), 1 x 14 cm/50 cal. deck gun, 1 seaplane
power 12400  h.p.
speed 23.5  knots
about the loss
cause lost depth charge
date lost 19/11/1944  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.113rank: 519
about people
builder
Kure Naval Dockyards, Kure
owner
Imperial Japanese Navy - IJN - 大日本帝国海軍
captain Nobuo, Kamimoto
complement 94~113
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave yes
updates
entered by Jan Lettens
entered 16/05/2008
last update Jan Lettens
last update 01/06/2012
 
  Position  
 
Jan Lettens29/05/2010
latitudehydro member
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AIShydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
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  History  
 
Jan Lettens01/06/2012THE END OF I-37, 19 November 1944

Kossol Roads, Palau. At 0858, I-37 is sighted at the western entrance of the Kossol Roads by USS WINTERBERRY (AN-56). USS WINTERBERRY alerts minesweeper YMS-33 and the Port Director of Kossol Passage. YMS-33 fails to locate the submarine.

At 0915, LtCdr Edmund L. McGibbon's USS CONKLIN (DE-439) and LtCdr Edwin K. Winn's McCOY REYNOLDS (DE-440) are ordered to find and destroy I-37.

Around 1504 both destroyer escorts obtain a sound contact. At 1539, McCOY REYNOLDS commences the first attack, but fails and contact is lost....

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ref. used: 
 combinedfleet.com
Jan Lettens01/06/2012THIRD WAR PATROL OF I-37, February-April 1944. (Cdr. Nakagawa Hajime)

During this war patrol, Cdr. Nakagawa commited the most cruel war crimes against crew of merchant ships, using the deck gun to kill the surviving crew and sinking lifeboats. The victims ware: British Chivalry (13 machine gunned), Sutlej (50 machine-gunned) and Ascot (45 machine gunned).

Notes:

1. In January 1947, Cdr Nakagawa pleaded guilty for his wartime crimes before the International Military Tribunal in Tokyo. He was sentenced to 8 years of hard labor. Nakagawa actually served six years and was released on probation after the end of the Allied Occupation.

2. Only in 1978, historical research found him responsible for having sunk the Australian hospital ship HMAS Centaur, while he was commander of I-177 (268 killed)
Jan Lettens01/06/2012Two contradicting entries by Cressman:

On November 11th, 1944 U. S. destroyer Nicholas (DD-449) sinks the Japanese submarine I-37, south of Yap Island.

On November 19th, 1944, U. S. destroyer escorts Conklin (DE-439) and McCoy Reynolds (DE-440) sink the Japanese submarine I-37, 100 miles west of Palau.
ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII


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  History  
 
Jan Lettens01/06/2012THE END OF I-37, 19 November 1944

Kossol Roads, Palau. At 0858, I-37 is sighted at the western entrance of the Kossol Roads by USS WINTERBERRY (AN-56). USS WINTERBERRY alerts minesweeper YMS-33 and the Port Director of Kossol Passage. YMS-33 fails to locate the submarine.

At 0915, LtCdr Edmund L. McGibbon's USS CONKLIN (DE-439) and LtCdr Edwin K. Winn's McCOY REYNOLDS (DE-440) are ordered to find and destroy I-37.

Around 1504 both destroyer escorts obtain a sound contact. At 1539, McCOY REYNOLDS commences the first attack, but fails and contact is lost.

At 1603, CONKLIN relocates I-37 and commences her first Hedgehog attack and hears several explosions. Nevertheless, I-37 continues to maneuver.

LtCdr Winn, Officer in Tactical Command, orders McCOY REYNOLDS to attack and the latter drops 12 depth charges set to the depth of 450 feet. An air bubble about 25 feet in diameter arises at least 5 feet above the surface, followed by a heavy underwater explosion.

At 1700, just after the contact has been regained, another massive explosion shakes the destroyer escort violently, temporarily disabling her sound gear. A minute later, a huge air bubble appears on the starboard bow.

Several smaller explosions follow and no further contacts can be established. Sudden gushes of debris and oil emerge in a large area around both ships.

By sundown McCOY REYNOLDS retrieves a number of items, including wood stenciled with Japanese characters, polished pieces of instrument cases and deck planking. A piece of human flesh with bits of steel embedded in it is likewise retrieved. By darkness the oil slick expands over several square miles and new debris continue to appear.
ref. used: 
 combinedfleet.com
 
 
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