british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Hogue [+1914]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type cruiser
subtype/class Cressy class cruiser
Cressy class cruiser Cressy HMS [+1914]
propulsion steam
date built 1900
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 12000  disp (surf)
dimensions 143.9 x 21.2 x 7.9 m
material steel
engine 4 cylinder triple expansion engines, 30 Belleville boilers, twin screws
armament 2 × 9.2"/233.7 mm guns (2x1), 12 × 6"/152 mm (12x1), 12 x 12 pdr. guns (12x1), 3 x 3 pdr. guns (3x1), 2 x 18"inch/450 mm T.T.
power 21000  h.p.
speed 21  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 22/09/1914  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.376rank: 297
about people
builder
Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Barrow-In-Furness
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain Capt. Wilmot Nicholson
complement 760
about the wreck
depth (m.) 35 max. / 25 min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/07/2002
last update Lettens Jan
last update 01/08/2010
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan14/05/2009
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

[Hans van der Weide:]Het wrak is grotendeels goed ingebed, staande van 5 tot 10 meter boven de zeebodem en kanonkoepels zichtbaar. Boegsectie ligt vrijwel op z'n kop, de rest ligt op z'n bakboordkant. Grote gaten in de zijde. Veel springstof en kisten met hulzen te vinden. Gemiddelde diepte van 28 meter, hoewel een stroomgeul rond de wrakken de diepte kan vergroten tot zo'n 31 meter. Zichtbaarheid5 tot 8 meter.

Bijzonderheden: de grote vernielingen, die op bepaalde plaatsen op de wrakken te vinden zijn, kunnen mede te wijten zijn aan bergingsactiviteiten die in de jaren ’50 en ’60 door Smit-Tak werden uitgevoerd. Daarbij zijn onder andere condensors (koper) geborgen. [Other Source:]Lies in approx 35m depth. The top of the wreck extends to 10m above the seabed. Visibility 6 to 25m.

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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Hermans Jan20/08/2006British cruiser from WWI, torpedoed by U-9. The U-9 was responsible for the killing of 1459 man in one single day, sending Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue or a total of 36.000 tons to the bottom.
See documents for more info.
Lettens Jan06/06/2009Some sources say U-9 surrendered at the end of WWI and was broken up in 1919, others say she was scuttled.

On September 22nd 1914, U-9 (Ltn. Otto Weddigen) became world famous when she sank three 12.000 ton British cruisers in less than one hour: Aboukir HMS, Cressy HMS and Hogue HMS, with the loss of almost 1400 men.
ref. used: 
 Fate of U-boats in WWI
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Vickers Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Barrow-In-Furness
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HMS Hogue [+1914]
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