british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Cressy [+1914]
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nationality british
purpose war
type cruiser
subtype/class Cressy class cruiser
propulsion steam
date built 1899
weight (tons) 12000  disp (surf)
dimensions 143.9 x 21.2 x 7.9 m
material steel
engine 4 cylinder triple expansion engines, 30 Belleville boilers, two shafts, twin screws
armament 2 × 9.2"/233.7 mm guns (2x1), 12 × 6"/152 mm (12x1), 12 x 12 pdr. guns (12x1), 3 x 3 pdr. guns (3x1), 2 x 18"inch/450 mm T.T.
power 21000 
speed 21  knots
yard no. 409
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 22/09/1914  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.563rank: 216
about people
Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain Capt. Robert Johnson
complement 760
about the wreck
depth (m.) 35 max. / 25 min. (m)
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/07/2002
last update Lettens Jan
last update 25/08/2014
[1] Lettens Jan14/05/2009
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

Lies in approx 35m depth. The top of the wreck extends to 10m above the seabed. Visibility 6 to 25m.

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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Hermans Jan20/08/2006British Navy, armoured cruiser; 1899; Fairfield & Co; 12.000 tons; 454x69.5x25.1; 21.000 ihp; 20.7 knots; triple expansion engines; Belleville Boilers; two 9.2 in guns; twelve 6 in; twelve 12pdr; three 3 pdr; 2 T.T.
Cressy, capt R.W. Johnson was torpedoed by U-9. The U-9 was responsible for the killing of 1459 man in one single day, sending Aboukir, Cressy and Hogue to the bottom.

See documents for more info.
Lettens Jan06/06/2009Some sources say U-9 surrendered at the end of WWI and was broken up in 1919, others say she was scuttled.

On September 22nd 1914, U-9 (Ltn. Otto Weddigen) became world famous when she sank three 12.000 ton British cruisers in less than one hour: Aboukir HMS, Cressy HMS and Hogue HMS, with the loss of almost 1400 men.
ref. used: 
 Fate of U-boats in WWI
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
Between the two World Wars Fairfield, Glasgow's largest shipyard, built many famous ships for customers which included Anchor Line, Donaldson Line, Canadian Pacific Line and Orient Line. A financial crisis at Fairfield in 1965 led to the formation of Upper Clyde Shipbuilders. UCS collapsed in 1971, but a determined campaign by shipyard workers ensured that the yard survived as Govan Shipbuilders. - The yard was sold in 1988 to the Norwegian company Kvaerner. Kvaerner Govan specialised in the design and build of large, sophisticated gas and chemical carriers as well as specialist, one-off vessels for a wide range of uses. Defence contractors BAE Systems acquired the yard in 1999, after Kvaerner decided to pull out of shipbuilding. As the sole remaining builder of merchant ships in Glasgow, the yard has strong hopes of future prosperity in the 21st century.

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HMS Cressy [+1914]
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