british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Himalaya [+1940]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship (ex-ocean liner)
subtype/class coal cargo ship (collier)
propulsion sail and steam
date built 1853
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 4690  grt
dimensions 103.6 x 14 x 6.2 m
material iron
engine 2-cyl compound engine, 3 fully rigged masts, single shaft
power 2050  n.h.p.
speed 14  knots
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 12/06/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Mare C. J. & Co., London
engine by
Penn, J. and Sons, London
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Himalaya [+1940]
period --- ~ 1940
prev. owners
[2]Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co. - P&O - P & O, London
SS Himalaya (I)
period 1853 ~ ---
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 12 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation 90°
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 26/06/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 23/05/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan31/12/2009
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Toerag08/09/2006

Orientation E-W

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

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Allen Tony26/06/2007Himalaya, built in 1853 was the largest three masted steamer at that time. She was dive bombed by a German JU-88 in 1940 and sunk.
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Himalaya [+1940]
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