british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Coronation (north part) [+1691]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type Ship of the Line
subtype/class 2nd rate Ship of the Line
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1685
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 1346  bm
dimensions 48.92 x 13.72 x 7.92 m
material wood
rigging 3 masts
armament 26 x 32pdr; , 26 x 18pdr; , 26 x 6pdr
speed  
about the loss
cause lost gale/storm
other reasons foundered
date lost 03/09/1691  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.480rank: 244
about people
builder
Portsmouth Dockyard (Royal Navy), Portsmouth (U. K.)
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain Charles Skelton
about the wreck
depth (m.) 5 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Eekelers Dirk
entered 02/06/2004
last update Allen Tony
last update 13/08/2014
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

Located at Penlee Point, Cornwall. 150m exclusion zone. Guns had been found on Penlee Point on the Western side of Plymouth Sound. The site had not been identified as part of the Coronation so a search for the remains of the ship was started in 1971 by a team led by Peter McBride. A site off Penlee Point was found in 1977 after 2800 man hours searching using a magnetometer from a small boat. Whe n the team investigated they found the site consisted of 15 iron guns and three large anchors strewn over a rocky seabed.

One of the few small artifacts found on the site included a folded up pewter plate, this plate bore the crest of Capt Charles Skelton, the captain of the Coronation. Since then the two sites have been identified as being parts of the Coronation. The seabed on the inshore site i s made up of deep gullies topped with kelp, at the bottom of the gullies the remains of the Coronation are scattered. The only visible artifacts are the 53 guns and a few anchors. The offshore site is in about 20m with a seabed made up of sand patches and low reef. The distance between the two sites is about 1200m, between the sites lie an intermediate site which has two guns and an anchor. Othe r artifacts have been found on a line between offshore and inshore sites but there have been many wrecks on Penlee Point and the area was used as a dumping ground for many years.

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office

Chipchase Nick12/10/2010

See

www.coronationwreck.co.uk
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  Movies  
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  Pictures  
 
copyright: UK Hydrographic Office
 
 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu    
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Eekelers Dirk25/01/2006The Coronation was as 2nd rate 90 gun British warship built 1685 in Portsmouth. She sank 1691 in a storm whilst attempting to get into Plymouth Sound Round shot. More info: http://www.threeh.demon.co.uk/SitesCoronation.htm and submerged productions.
Allen Tony13/08/2014A TEAM of divers was granted permission to bring 320-year-old artefacts up from a wreck after winter storms washed away a metre of protective silt. The objects, which have not been seen since the Coronation sank in 1691, will now be brought to the surface and put on display – possibly at Mount Edgcumbe. English Heritage has granted permission to recover items from the Coronation to Ginge (Roger) C rook and Mark Pearce.

The Coronation, launched in 1685 by Isaac Betts at Portsmouth dockyard, was a 90-gun ship which wrecked off Penlee Point in Cornwall which lies at the entrance to Plymouth Sound. The vessel took part in the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690 and on September 3, 1691, its fleet made for Plymouth, patrolling the coast in an attempt to bring the French to battle. The ship foundered i n a strong south easterly gale while trying to round Penlee Point with a loss of all but 13 of her crew, including the captain, Charles Skelton. She is one of just 61 protected wrecks in the UK under the 1973 Protection of Wrecks Act. Jessica Berry, nominated archaeologist for the site and CEO of the Maritime Archaeology Sea Trust, said: “Since the massive storms over the winter, the protective la yer of sediment over the site has gone, about one metre in places, revealing some very precious archaeology, never seen before on the site....

read more
ref. used 
 Plymouth Herald
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Lettens Jan19/01/2008HMS CORONATION; 2nd Rate; 90 cannons; 160.5x45 ft; Built in Portsmouth DY in 1685. On 3rd September 1691, HMS Coronation was wrecked on Rame Head
ref. used 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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  History  
 
Allen Tony13/08/2014A TEAM of divers was granted permission to bring 320-year-old artefacts up from a wreck after winter storms washed away a metre of protective silt. The objects, which have not been seen since the Coronation sank in 1691, will now be brought to the surface and put on display – possibly at Mount Edgcumbe. English Heritage has granted permission to recover items from the Coronation to Ginge (Roger) C rook and Mark Pearce.

The Coronation, launched in 1685 by Isaac Betts at Portsmouth dockyard, was a 90-gun ship which wrecked off Penlee Point in Cornwall which lies at the entrance to Plymouth Sound. The vessel took part in the Battle of Beachy Head in 1690 and on September 3, 1691, its fleet made for Plymouth, patrolling the coast in an attempt to bring the French to battle. The ship foundered i n a strong south easterly gale while trying to round Penlee Point with a loss of all but 13 of her crew, including the captain, Charles Skelton. She is one of just 61 protected wrecks in the UK under the 1973 Protection of Wrecks Act. Jessica Berry, nominated archaeologist for the site and CEO of the Maritime Archaeology Sea Trust, said: “Since the massive storms over the winter, the protective la yer of sediment over the site has gone, about one metre in places, revealing some very precious archaeology, never seen before on the site.

“English Heritage has granted the Coronation Wreck Project team a surface recovery licence to protect these items. Once raised, they will undergo conservation before eventual display, hopefully at Mount Edgcumbe Museum.” Ginge Crook and Mark Pearce manage the site on a daily basis and dive on a voluntary basis with a team of divers, as often as time and money allows. Jessica said: “The aim is to recover the artefacts before they are lost forever. We hope that some of the artefacts will give us some further clues as to what life on board this ship was like.” Recently divers recovered a toy soldier dressed in contemporary uniform and firing a gun. “We do n't know if this was a toy and there was a child on board or whether this might be part of a larger collection,” said Jessica.

The team has also raised other items, including a well-preserved musket and a delicately engraved pewter bowl as well as leather, which could possibly have been a shoe. Read more: link
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 Plymouth Herald
 
 
British Isles
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HMS Coronation (north part) [+1691]
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