british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Restoration [+1703]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type Ship of the Line
subtype/class 3rd rate Ship of the Line
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1678
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 1018 
dimensions 45.9 x 12.2 x -- m
material wood
rigging
speed  
about the loss
cause lost gale/storm
date lost 27/11/1703  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Betts Isaac, Harwich
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected yes
war grave
updates
entered by Eekelers Dirk
entered 28/05/2004
last update Lettens Jan
last update 19/01/2008
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan02/08/2011
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

Vessel located in Goodwin Sands, Kent. Protected historical vessel by the British Govt. 50m exclusion zone.

Lettens Jan02/08/2011

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Lettens Jan25/03/2010The Royal Navy lost many ships during the Great Storm of 1703, starting 24th November and ending 2nd December.
Following HMS ships were lost:

On Goodwin Sands:
Restoration, 3rd Rate, 387 lost
Mary, 4th rate, 269 lost
Northumberland, 3rd Rate, 220 lost
Stirling Castle, 3rd Rate, 206 lost

On other places:
Newcastle, 4th Rate, 193 lost, Spithead
Reserve, 4th Rate, 175 lost, Yarmouth
Mortar, 5th Rate, 65 lost, Dutch Coast
York 4th Rate, 4 lost, Harwich
Canterbury, Storeship, 1 lost, Bristol
Eagle, 6th Rate, Sussex coast
Resolution, 3rd Rate, Littlehampton
Vigo, 4th Rate, Dutch coast
Lichfield Prize, 5th Rate, Sussex coast
Vesuvius, Fireship, Spithead
Vanguard, 2nd Rate, Chatham harbour (refloated later)

Another most remarkable incident during the storm, was the loss of Eddystone Lighthouse.
Lettens Jan02/08/2011UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office
Lettens Jan14/01/2008HMS RESTORATION; 3rd Rate; 70 cannons; 1.081 bm; 150.5x40 ft; Built by Betts, Harwich in 1678. She was rebuilt as a 1.045 bm in 1702. HMS RESTORATION was sunk on the Goodwin Sands during the Great Storm of 1703. Not one of her 387 complement was saved.
ref. used 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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