british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Phoenix (+1918)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class Acheron class destroyer (I class)
Acheron class destroyer (I class) Ariel HMS (+1918)
propulsion steam
date built 1911
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 765  grt
dimensions 75.9 x 8 x 2.7 m
material steel
engine 3 x Parson steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilders, triple screw.
armament 2 x 4"/101.6 mm gun, 2 x 12 pdr. guns, 2 x 21"/530 mm T.T.
power 13500  s.h.p.
speed 31  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 14/05/1918  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.2rank: 666
about people
builder
Vickers, Sons & Maxim Ltd., Barrow-In-Furness
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 70
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/07/2002
last update Lettens Jan
last update 22/07/2011
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan22/07/2011
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan22/07/2011HMS Phoenix was a destroyer of the Acheron class of 765 tons and was the only British warship to be sunk by the Austrian Navy. She was built by Vickers, Birkenhead in 1911.

On May 14th, 1918, HMS Phoenix was sunk by the Austrian submarine K.U.K. U-27 (Josef Holub) in the Straits of Otranto. 2 persons were lost.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Phoenix (+1918)
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