british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Majestic [+1915]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type battleship
subtype/class Majestic class battleship
Majestic class battleship Prince George HMS (+1921)
propulsion steam
date built 1895
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 14900  grt
dimensions 125.9 x 22.9 x 8.4 m
material steel, armoured
engine Water tube boilers, 2 × vertical triple expansion engines, 2 shafts,
armament 4 x 12"/305 mm Mk VIII guns, 12 x QF 6"/150 mm guns, 16 x QF 12 pdr.guns, 12 x QF 3 pdr. guns, 2 x machine guns, 5 x 18" T.T. (1 above, 4 submerged)
power 12000  i.h.p.
speed 17.5  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 27/05/1915  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.40rank: 604
about people
builder
Portsmouth Dockyard (Royal Navy), Portsmouth (U. K.)
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 670
about the wreck
depth (m.) 20 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/07/2002
last update Lettens Jan
last update 27/05/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan28/12/2009
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan27/05/2013Otto Hersing in U-21 sank this Majestic class battleship HMS MAJESTIC of 14.900 tons just two days after he had sunk HMS TRIUMPH. Again the ship was at anchor off Cape Helles in the Dardanelles and again just a single torpedo was needed to send her to the bottom. This loss, along with that of TRIUMPH and GOLIATH had a significant strategic effect and battleships were withdrawn from Cape Helles andwould no longer provide artillery support to the land forces.

40 lives were lost out of a crew of over 700.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Majestic [+1915]
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