american US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.) MV City of Rayville (+1940)
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nationality american
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion motor vessel (diesel)
date built 1921
weight (tons) 5910  grt
dimensions 126.8 x 16.5 x 5.8 m
material steel
engine 1 x 6-cyl. diesel engine, 1 screw (originally steamer 1 triple expansion)
power 3000  b.h.p.
speed 11  knots
yard no. 8
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 09/11/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 671
about people
Daniels Oscar Shipbuilding Co., Tampa
engine by
Sulzer Bros. Ltd., Winterthur
last owner
[1]US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.), Washington D.C.
MV City of Rayville (+1940)
period 1936 ~ 1940
prev. owners
[2]Us Shipping Board - United States Shipping Board - Ussb, Washington D.C.
MV City of Rayville
period 1921 ~ 1936
no. of crew 38
about the wreck
depth (m.) 70 max. / -- min. (m)
position on seabed upright
sea bed coral reef
marine life abundant
protected yes
war grave no
entered by Allen Tony
entered 28/04/2008
last update Gothro Phil
last update 23/11/2011
Allen Tony09/11/2009
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
AIShydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 Miramar Ship Index
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan29/10/2010

The wreck was filmed for the first time. See this article.

Note: the City of Rayville is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register and the National Historic Shipwrecks Database. Under the Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 it is an offence to disturb, damage or remove items from historic shipwrecks, with penalties of up to $50,000 for a body corporate and $10,000 and/or imprisonment for up to five years for an individual.

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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Australian Hydrographic Service 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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Lettens Jan13/07/2011On November 9th, 1940, U.S. freighter City of Rayville is sunk by a mine east of Cape Otway, Bass Strait, Australia.

The mine was laid by the German auxiliary minelayer Passat between 31st October and 1st November.

City of Rayville is the first U.S. merchant ship sunk in World War II.

Third Engineer Mack B. Bryan, who drowns during the abandonment, is the first merchant marine casualty of World War II.

The other 37 crewmen (one of whom is injured) reach safety at Apollo Bay.
ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
Lettens Jan13/07/2011SMS PINGUIN VICTIMS

The German raider Pinguin managed to sink/take as prize the following allied ships:

Sunk by mines

Millimumul, Nimbin, Cambridge and City of Rayville (the latter 2 sunk by mines laid by Passat, the captured Norwegian Storstad).

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About Owners
US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.), Washington D.C.

The United States Maritime Commission was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the U.S. Shipping Board which had existed since World War I. It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant cargo ships to replace the World War I vintage vessels that comprised the bulk of the U.S. Merchant Marine, and to administer a subsidy system authorized by the Act to offset the cost differential between building in the U.S. and operating ships under the American flag. It also formed the U.S. Maritime Service for the training of seagoing ship's officers to man the new fleet.

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MV City of Rayville (+1940)
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