british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Bayano [+1915]
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general
nationality british
purpose transport
type ocean liner
propulsion steam
date built 1913
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 5948  grt
dimensions 126.8 x 16.15 x 9.1 m
material steel
engine 2 x Triple expansion engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
power 584  n.h.p.
speed 14  knots
yard no. 453
IMO/Off. no. 133125
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 11/03/1915  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.196rank: 432
about people
builder
Stephen & Sons Ltd., Alexander Stephen, Glasgow
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Bayano [+1915]
period 1913 ~ 1915
IMO/Off. no.: 133125
prev. owners
[2]Elders & Fyffes Ltd., Garston
SS Bayano
period 1913 ~ 1913
IMO/Off. no.: 133125
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/07/2002
last update Allen Tony
last update 15/08/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
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Lettens Jan04/04/2013

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  History  
 
Lettens Jan06/08/2007Elders & Fyffles; 1913; A.Stephen & Sons; 5.948 tons; 416x53 x30; 584nhp; 14 knots; triple expandion engines. The liner Bayano was taken over early in the First World War for service as an auxiliary cruiser. On March 11th, 1915, the vessel, under command of Cdr. H.C. Carr, was on her way to Liverpool to coal when she was intercepted ten miles NW by W of Corsewall Point by submarine U-27, L t.Cdr.

Wegener. The attack took place at 5.15am. The Bayano sank very rapidly and only four officers and 22 ratings were saved. Fourteen officers, including Cdr. Carr and 181 ratings were killed. The SS Castlereagh, Capt. McGarrick, arrived on the scene shortly after, but although she saw much wreckage and many dead bodies, she was chased away by the submarine and prevented from making a search.
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Stephen & Sons Ltd., Alexander Stephen, Glasgow
Alexander Stephen and Sons Limited, often referred to simply as Alex Stephens, was a Scottish shipbuilding company based in Linthouse, Govan in Glasgow, on the River Clyde. Alexander Stephen, a member of the third generation of the family, merged the Aberdeen and Arbroath businesses in 1828 and then, after closing the Aberdeen yard in 1829, moved production to the Panmure yard in Dundee in 1842. In 1850 part of the business was transferred to Kelvinhaugh yard, now known as Yorkhill Quay, near Glasgow. The Arbroath yard finally closed in 1857. Then in 1870 the business moved to Linthouse near Glasgow.

In a tragic disater in 1883, the Daphne, a steamer, capsized after its launch from the yard, and 124 workers lost their lives. The Dundee shipyard was sold in 1893. In 1968, Stephens was incorporated into Upper Clyde Shipbuilders and was closed after the latter organisation collapsed in 1971.



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