british Turnbull, Scott & Co. SS Parkgate (+1917)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1906
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 3232  grt
dimensions 100.6 x 14.3 x 6.8 m
material steel
engine 1 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engine by Blair & Co. Engine serial No. 1571., single shaft, 1 screw
armament 7.6cm gun on the afterdeck
power 280  n.h.p.
speed knots
yard no. 206
IMO/Off. no. 123647
about the loss
cause lost gunfire - shelled
other reasons charges/explosives
date lost 04/03/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.16rank: 641
about people
builder
Craggs, Robert & Sons Ltd., Middlesbrough
engine by
Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
owner
Turnbull, Scott & Co., London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
 Joe Clarke, Building Ships On The North East Coast
updates
entered by Vleggeert Nico
entered 18/04/2008
last update Lockett Graham
last update 18/06/2013
 
  Position  
 
Vleggeert Nico18/04/2008
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  The Wreck today  
 
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  Note  
 
Lettens Jan05/04/2012Kapitänleutnant Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière was to become the most successful U-boat skipper of all time, a record which still stands.During his wartime career, he sank 194 ships totalling 454,000 tons, always strictly according to prize rules often with his boat's 88 mm deck gun.

His patrol performance was outstanding: in April/May 1916 he sank 23 ships, totaling 68,000 tons on a five week patrol and in July/August 1916 in four weeks he sank 54 ships, totaling 91,150 tons using only 4 torpedoes (one miss). He died in an aircraft accident at Le Bourget airport near Paris, France in 1941.
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan11/07/2011SS Parkgate, built by R. Craggs & Sons, Ltd., Middlesbrough in 1906 and owned at the time of her loss by Parkgate SS. Co. Ltd. (Turnbull, Scott & Co.), London, was a British steamer of 3232 tons.

On June 1st, 1916, Parkgate, on a voyage from Matla to Gibraltar in ballast, was sunk by gunfire by the German submarine U 35 (Lothar von Arnauld de la Perière). 16 lives were lost.
Racey Carl02/01/2010The armed merchant ship PARKGATE was on passage from Malta to Gibraltar, in ballast, when she was stopped by U-35 after a running battle lasting six hours.The PARKGATE was holed at the waterline and her steering gear damaged. The master was taken prisoner and the PARKGATE was sunk by explosive charges place below her decks, her sea-cocks open and finally by gunfire from U-35, 80 miles NE of Cap deFer.

The crew had taken to their own lifeboats. No lives lost.
ref. used: 
[1] The Enchanted Cirlce
[2]  uboat.net


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About Owners
 
Turnbull, Scott & Co., London

Founded in 1872 and based in London. - "On the banks of the River Esk stands the ancient port of Whitby where in 1840 Thomas Turnbull joined his father as a builder and owner of sailing ships and steamers. They traded as Thomas Turnbull and Son, being already owners of sailing ships on the sixty fourth share system. In addition to being shipowners and shipbuilders they were able to offer drydock and repair facilities in the port. The first steamship to be built at the yard was the WHITEHALL, launched on 20th June 1871 for the account of Thomas Turnbull and Son."

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About Builders
 Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Blair & Co. was formed from the engine maker Fossick & Hackworth.
In 1855 George Blair was appointed manager and in the spring of 1865 he was made a partner and the company became Fossick, Blair & Co. when Hackworth retired. Fossick died in 1866 and the company became Blair & Co. Blair was responsible for the expansion of the works to specialise in marine engines.

At this time the company had 700 employees (later to rise to 2,000) and covered an area of seven and a half acres. The first compound marine engine on the Tees was built by Blair's in January 1869 and fitted to the "Glenmore" built by Backhouse & Dixon.

In 1884 the company produced its first triple expansion engine for the "Burgos" built by Richardson Duck. In 1887 the sheerlegs, which were to become a Stockton landmark for many years were errected at a cost of £2,695. These shearlegs were capable of lifting up to 100 tons and were sighted near the river to lift marine engines into newly built ships.

By 1914 almost 1,400 marine engines had been built. At least 340 for Pearse, and later Ropner, 240 for Richardson Duck and 103 for Thomas Turnbull at Whitby. A total of 75 engines were built during the First World War.

The company was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials in 1919.

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SS Parkgate (+1917)
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