british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Polyanthus (K-47) (+1943)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type corvette
subtype/class Flower class corvette (br.)
Flower class corvette (br.) Hollyhock HMS (K-64) [+1942]
propulsion steam
date built 1939
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 926  gross tonnage  [*]
dimensions 63.4 x -- x -- m
material steel [*]
engine Reciprocating engine, 1 shaft
armament 1 4" gun 1 2pdr AA 4 .303" MG AA
power 2750  h.p.
speed 16  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 21/09/1943  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.85rank: 546
about people
builder
Henry Robb Ltd., Leith
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain T/Lt. John Gordon Aitken R.N.R
complement 85 [*]
no. of crew 86
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Claes Johnny
entered 10/04/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 23/06/2012


[*] means that the value was inherited from Hollyhock HMS (K-64) [+1942], the reference for Flower class corvette (br.).
 
  Position  
 
Claes Johnny10/04/2008
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  History  
 
Claes Johnny10/04/2008At 0022 hours on 21 Sepember 1943 the German U-952 fired a Gnat at an escort of the convoy ON-202 and heard after three minutes a detonation, followed by sinking noises. HMS Polyanthus (Lt. John Gordon Aitken) was hit and sank immediately. The British frigate HMS Itchen picked up one survivor, but he died when the frigate was torpedoed and sunk two days later by U-666.
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Henry Robb Ltd., Leith
Henry Robb started his career as a yard manager for Ramage & Ferguson. He set up by himself to capitalise on all the work from wrecked ships salvaged following the ravages of the First World War, he leased dry-docks along from Ramage & Fergusons yard, and went into the business for himself. In the early 1920’s he won an order for building there first ever ship. In 1924 Robb bought the shipyard of Hawthorns and Co. In 1926 Henry Robb bought the Crane and Somerville yard. During the 1920s The new company started by making dredgers, followed by coasters and steamers. During the 1930's steamers and steam colliers were the main output for the yard along with coastal colliers. A further yard was acquired by Robb's in 1934 having previously belonged to Ramage and Ferguson. In World War II Robb's built a large number of naval warships for the Royal Navy. Henry Robb died in 1951 and was succeeded by his son of the same name.

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