british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Cornwall [+1940]
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nationality british
purpose war
type Ship of the Line
subtype/class 3rd rate Ship of the Line
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1815
lifted lifted
weight (tons) 1746  bm
dimensions 53.6 x 14.8 x -- m
material wood
armament 74 cannons
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 24/09/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
Bombay Shipyard (Royal Navy), Bombay (Mumbai)
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Cornwall [+1940]
period 1868 ~ 1940
prev. owners
[2]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Wellesley
period 1815 ~ 1868
about the wreck
status lifted
depth (m.) 0 max. / -- min. (m)
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 10/03/2008
last update Siert Ingo
last update 08/08/2011
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office

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copyright: UK Hydrographic Office
 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu   
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Lettens Jan10/03/2008HMS WELLESLEY; 3rd Rate; 74 cannons; 1.746 bm; 176x48.5 ft; Built in 1815, Bombay. Rebuilt 1868 as Cornwall. She was sunk on 24th September 1940 during an air raid on the River Thames.
ref. used: 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Cornwall [+1940]
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