american Us Navy - United States Navy USS Darter (SS-227) [+1944]
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general
nationality american
purpose war
type submarine
subtype/class Gato class submarine (am.)
Gato class submarine (am.) Amberjack USS (SS-219) (+1943)
propulsion diesel and batteries
date built 1942
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 2424  disp (subm)
dimensions 95 x 8.3 x 5.2 m
material steel
engine 4 × Fairbanks-Morse Model 38D8 9-cylinder opposed piston diesel engines driving electrical generators, 2 × 126-cell Sargo batteries, 4 × high-speed General Electric electric motors with reduction, 2 shafts
armament 10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (six forward, four aft), 24 torpedoes, 1 × 3-inch (76 mm) / 50 caliber deck gun, Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
power 5400  s.h.p.
speed 21  knots
about the loss
cause lost scuttled
date lost 24/10/1944  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Electric Boat Co., Groton
owner
Us Navy - United States Navy
captain
complement 60
about the wreck
depth (m.) 0 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 15/02/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 08/10/2012
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan24/05/2010
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  History  
 
Allen Tony04/01/2009USS Darter (SS-227) a Gato class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the darter, any of many small American fresh-water fishes, closely related to the perch family. Her keel was laid down on 20 October 1942 by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut. Returning to Brisbane on 8 August 1944, Darter cleared on her fourth and last war patrol. She searched t he Celebes Sea and South China Sea, returned to Darwin to fuel and make minor repairs 10 September, and put back to the Celebes Sea....

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Lettens Jan24/05/2010On October 24th, 1944 U. S. submarine Darter (SS-227), damaged by grounding on Bombay Shoal, Palawan Passage, P.I. is scuttled by submarines Nautilus (SS-168) and Dace (SS-247) to avoid the boat´s falling into enemy hands.

On October 31st, Submarine Nautilus (SS-168), en route to Mios Woendi after completing her clandestine mission (23, 24, and 27 October), finishes the destruction of submarine Darter (SS-227), aground on Bombay Shoal (09°26´N, 116°56´E) since 24 October.
ref. used 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII


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About Owners
 
Us Navy - United States Navy

John Paul Jones - An American Naval Hero and known as father of the American Navy.

John Paul was born in a gardener's cottage in Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He went to sea as a youth and was a merchant shipmaster by the age of twenty-one. After killing a mutinous sailor at Tobago he added 'Jones' to his name and began a new life in America. He volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy, and managed to obtain a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy.

He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the BONHOMME RICHARD over the HMS SERAPIS. After the BONHOMME RICHARD began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. Jones is now remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned.

In 1781 he returned to America and Congress passed a vote of thanks to him for the way he had sustained the honour of the American fleet and in 1787 awarded him a gold medal. He also received a gold sword and the Order of Military Merit from Louis XVI.

Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. He spent the remaining years of the war advising on the establishment of the navy and the training of naval officers.

In 1792 Jones was appointed U.S. Consul to Algiers, but in July of that year he died before the commission arrived. He was buried in Paris and his body lay in an alcohol filled coffin in an unmarked grave for over a century. In 1905 his remains were found and taken to the United States where, in 1913, they were finally laid to rest in a marble sarcophagus in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland

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About Builders
 Electric Boat Co., Groton
Electric Boat (EB) was founded in 1899 to build and promote John P. Holland's design of submarine, in direct competition with Simon Lake's Lake Torpedo Boat Company. In its first 25 years, it contracted with the US Navy for at least 85 submarines but subcontracted the actual construction. EB expanded its capability for the WWII effort, with the aid of $13mm from the Navy. After the war it continued as the world's leading submarine builder, which it remains today. It is owned by General Dynamics.

In addition to building submarines at Groton, EB established two subsidiaries during World War I. The Submarine Boat Company, in Newark NJ, was one of the three large builders of emergency cargo ships for the U.S. Shipping Board: it closed at the end of the war. The Electric Launch Company, (ELCO), in Bayonne NJ, built sub chasers for the Navy: it continued after the war, building recreational launches, and then built almost 400 PT boats in WWII. ELCO continues today, but under different ownership.


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  History  
 
Allen Tony04/01/2009USS Darter (SS-227) a Gato class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the darter, any of many small American fresh-water fishes, closely related to the perch family. Her keel was laid down on 20 October 1942 by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut. Returning to Brisbane on 8 August 1944, Darter cleared on her fourth and last war patrol. She searched t he Celebes Sea and South China Sea, returned to Darwin to fuel and make minor repairs 10 September, and put back to the Celebes Sea.

She put in to Mios Woendi on 27 September for additional fuel, and sailed on 1 October with Dace (SS-247)Template:WP Ships USS instances to patrol the South China Sea in coordination with the forthcoming invasion of Leyte. She attacked a tanker convoy on 12 October, and on 21 October headed with Dace for Balabac Strait to watch for Japanese shipping moving to reinforce the Philippines or attack the landing forces. In the outstanding performance of duty which was to bring both submarines the Navy Unit Commendation, Darter and Dace made contact with the Japanese Center Force approaching Palawan Passage on 23 October 1944. Immediately, Darter flashed the contact report, one of the most important of the war, since the location of this Japanese task force had been unknown for some days.

The two submarines closed the task force, and with attacks on the cruisers of Center Force, initiated the Battle of Surigao Strait phase of the decisive Battle for Leyte Gulf. Darter sank Admiral Takeo Kurita’s flagship Atago, then seriously damaged another cruiser, Takao. With Dace, she tracked the damaged cruiser through the tortuous channels of Palawan Passage until just after midnight of 24 – 25 October when Darter grounded on Bombay Shoal 9°24´22?N 116°59´02?E?
 
 
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