american SS City of Rio De Janeiro (+1901)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality american
purpose transport
type passenger ship
propulsion steam
date built 1878
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 3548  grt
dimensions 104.8 x 11.6 x 9.6 m
material iron
engine Compound engine, six boilers
power  
speed  
about the loss
cause lost ran aground (wrecked)
date lost 22/01/1901  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.135rank: 493
about people
builder
John Roach & Sons Shipyard, Chester (Pa)
last owner
[1]United States & Brazil Mail S. s. Co., New York
SS City of Rio De Janeiro (+1901)
period 1878 ~ 1878
prev. owners
[2]United States & Brazil Mail S. s. Co., New York
SS City of Rio De Janeiro
period 1878 ~ 1901
captain William Ward
about the wreck
depth (m.) 98 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 02/02/2008
last update Allen Tony
last update 07/05/2010
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan02/02/2008
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
AIShydro member
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 NOAA Office of Coast Survey, nauticalcharts.noa..
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan02/02/2008

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ref. used
 NOAA Office of Coast Survey, nauticalcharts.noa..


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  History  
 
Allen Tony07/05/2010On 22 February 1901, while trying to pass through the Golden Gate in heavy fog, en route to her home port of San Francisco, the City of Rio De Janeiro struck rocks, reportedly on the southern part of the straits at or near Fort Point, and sank.The damage to the ship was considerable: virtually the entire underside of the vessel had been torn open by the collision and the engine room and cargo holds rapidly flooded.

The ship had been built in 1878, before watertight bulkheads came into use, and sunk in 320 feet (98 m) of water only eight minutes after striking the reef.Launching of the lifeboats was hampered by a language barrier between her mostly Chinese crew and American officers.The wreck was so sudden that the lookout at the Fort Point Lifesaving Station, only a few hundred yards away, was completely unaware of the situation for two hours, when a lifeboat was sighted emerging from a fog bank. Rescue boats were dispatched but only a few survivors were found, clinging to wreckage.Of the 210 people aboard, 82 were rescued and approximately 130 people perished. The captain, William Ward, was not among the survivors. He had previously stated that if ever faced with such a situation,he would go down with his ship....

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About Builders
 John Roach & Sons Shipyard, Chester (Pa)
This shipyard was originally established in 1857 and had a distinguished career building fine ships. It was revived for the war effort in 1917 but was acquired by Averell Harriman's American Ship & Commerce Corporation in 1919 and renamed Merchant Shipbuilding. Like Hog Island and Submarine Boat, the yard was designed to assemble ships from parts fabricated by others. It is notable that the yard numbering system continued without interruption by five different companies. The yard was located at Front and Lloyd Streets in Chester: after it closed in 1924, it was redeveloped as a Ford assembly plant, which closed in 1961.

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  History  
 
Allen Tony07/05/2010On 22 February 1901, while trying to pass through the Golden Gate in heavy fog, en route to her home port of San Francisco, the City of Rio De Janeiro struck rocks, reportedly on the southern part of the straits at or near Fort Point, and sank.The damage to the ship was considerable: virtually the entire underside of the vessel had been torn open by the collision and the engine room and cargo holds rapidly flooded.

The ship had been built in 1878, before watertight bulkheads came into use, and sunk in 320 feet (98 m) of water only eight minutes after striking the reef.Launching of the lifeboats was hampered by a language barrier between her mostly Chinese crew and American officers.The wreck was so sudden that the lookout at the Fort Point Lifesaving Station, only a few hundred yards away, was completely unaware of the situation for two hours, when a lifeboat was sighted emerging from a fog bank. Rescue boats were dispatched but only a few survivors were found, clinging to wreckage.Of the 210 people aboard, 82 were rescued and approximately 130 people perished. The captain, William Ward, was not among the survivors. He had previously stated that if ever faced with such a situation,he would go down with his ship.

Among those lost in the wreck was Rounsevelle Wildman, the US Consul General at Hong Kong, who had been en route for Washington DC to participate in the inauguration of William McKinley.After the shipwreck, rumors circulated that the ship´s cargo had included a substantial amount of gold and silver, but her manifest listed no such cargo. However, the manifest did l ist 2,423 slabs of tin, each of which weighed 107 pounds (49 kg). The ship´s insurers paid a sum of $79,000 for the loss of the metal, which at present day prices would be worth in excess of $900,000.
 
 
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SS City of Rio De Janeiro (+1901)
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