british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Xerxes (FY835) (+1915)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war (prev. fishing)
type minesweeper (ex-trawler)
propulsion steam
date built 1908
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 243  grt
dimensions 38.1 x 6.7 x 3.5 m
material steel
engine triple expansion engine, 1 boiler, 1 screw
armament 1 x 6 pounder
power 80  n.h.p.
speed 10.5  knots
yard no. 428
IMO/Off. no. 124727
about the loss
cause lost collision
date lost 16/11/1915  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 668
about people
builder
Cochrane & Sons Shipbuilders Ltd., Selby
engine by
Holmes C. D. & Co. Ltd., Hull
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Xerxes (FY835) (+1915)
period 1914 ~ 1915
IMO/Off. no.: 124727
prev. owners
[2]Buckworth & Mumby Ltd., Cork
FV Xerxes (SA55)
period 1913 ~ 1914
IMO/Off. no.: 124727
[3]Buckworth Frank, Cork
FV Xerxes (SA55)
period 1913 ~ 1913
IMO/Off. no.: 124727
[4]Hector Steam Fishing Co. Ltd., Swansea
FV Xerxes (SA55)
period 1908 ~ 1913
IMO/Off. no.: 124727
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
 Tony Lofthouse, Gilbert Mayes, David Newton, Michael Thompson, Cochrane Shipbuilders Vol I : 1884 - 1914
updates
entered by Racey Carl
entered 13/01/2013
last update Racey Carl
last update 13/01/2013
 
  Position  
 
Racey Carl13/01/2013
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
remarksCalculated as '2 mile E [90°] from UK, Girdle Ness'.
AIShydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 Tony Lofthouse, Gilbert Mayes, David Newton, Michael Thompson, Cochrane Shipbuilders Vol I : 1884 - 1914
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 
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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu   
 
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  History  
 
Racey Carl13/01/2013On 16/11/1915 the HMT XERXES (FY835) foundered off Girdle Ness following a collision. One Casuatly.
ref. used 
 Tony Lofthouse, Gilbert Mayes, David Newton, Michael Thompson, Cochrane Shipbuilders Vol I : 1884 - 1914


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Cochrane & Sons Shipbuilders Ltd., Selby
Cochrane and Sons was owned by Andrew Cochrane who originally founded a shipyard in 1884 at Beverley, but then moved in 1898, 50 miles away from the sea by river to Selby in Yorkshire, England. Cochrane and Sons built their reputation for building trawlers and coasters for the Hull and Grimsby fishing fleets. - - - In 1965 control of the yard passed from the Cochrane family to Ross Group Ltd who then sold on to the Drypool Group Ltd in 1969. In 1976, the Selby yard was bought up by United Towing Co. Ltd of Hull. The company’s name was changed to Cochrane Shipbuilders in 1977 and built an average of four ships per year for the next 15 years, mainly tugs, trawlers, oil rig supply vessels, ferries dry-cargo coasters and coastal tankers.

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Holmes C. D. & Co. Ltd., Hull
In 1869 Charles D. Holmes was founded in Hull as marine engineering company.

In 1959 the company was privatized.

During the 1960's the company built tugs for the Humber fleet, as well as companies from further. The company were general marine engineers, boiler makers, welders, metal sprayers, and makers of marine diesel engines with 400 employees. In 1963 purchased the yard of Cook, Welton & Gemmel.

During the 1970s the yard made more tugs for the Navy, BP and the Iranian Government. The yard was acquired by the Drypool Group in 1975 and after building one further ship, went into liquidation again.

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