american US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.) USAT General Royal T. Frank (+1942)
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general
nationality american
purpose transport
type passenger/cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1909
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 622  disp (surf)
dimensions 50.3 x -- x -- m
engine triple expansion engine, dual shaft
power  
speed  
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
other reasons explosion
date lost 29/01/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.22rank: 630
about people
builder
New York Shipbuilding Corp., New Jersey
owner
US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.), Washington D.C.
captain Sczymanski Alex F.
about the wreck
depth (m.) 1830 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 13/08/2012
last update Lettens Jan
last update 13/08/2012
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan13/08/2012
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan13/08/2012On 29th January 1942, off the Hawaiian Islands, during the evening, the Japanese submarine I-71 attacks a three ship convoy bound from Kahului, Maui for Hilo, Hawaii that includes 622-ton Army transport GENERAL ROYAL T. FRANK carrying army recruits and small freighter KALAE with a barge in tow.

Both ships are being escorted by an old flush-deck destroyer. I-71 torpedoes GENERAL ROYAL T. FRANK. She explodes and sinks in 30 seconds in the Alenuihaha Channel about two miles West (see note) of Maui.

Twenty-two men went down with the GENERAL ROYAL T. FRANK and forty-two survivors were rescued and deposited at remote Hana, Maui, where they were treated at the Kaeleku Plantation Company clinic.

Notes:

1. the ship was on her way from Kahului, Maui to Hilo, which means 2 miles East from Maui is more likely.

2. Not to be confused with another GENERAL ROYAL T. FRANK (MP-12), built in 1942 at Marietta.

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About Owners
 
US Maritime Commission - War Shipping Administration - WSA.), Washington D.C.

The United States Maritime Commission was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the U.S. Shipping Board which had existed since World War I. It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant cargo ships to replace the World War I vintage vessels that comprised the bulk of the U.S. Merchant Marine, and to administer a subsidy system authorized by the Act to offset the cost differential between building in the U.S. and operating ships under the American flag. It also formed the U.S. Maritime Service for the training of seagoing ship's officers to man the new fleet.

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About Builders
 New York Shipbuilding Corp., New Jersey
New York Shipbuilding (New York Ship) was established in 1900 by Henry G. Morse, with the financial support of Andrew Mellon and Henry Frick. It was designed as a state-of-the-art shipyard and was called New York Shipbuilding because it was originally intended to be located on Staten Island. In 1916, it was bought by American International Corp. and W. R. Grace, and expanded for the war effort, but it struggled in the post-war years and was sold to American Brown Boveri in 1925. The yard was fully operational as World War II approached and the Navy invested $25 million to expand its capability. At its peak, New York Ship employed 30,000 people. It continued in both naval and merchant shipbuilding after WWII but closed in 1967. The shipyard was just upstream from the Walt Whitman Bridge: it is now part of the Port of Camden.

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USAT General Royal T. Frank (+1942)
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