british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Royal Anne [+1721]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type frigate (old warship)
subtype/class 5th rate frigate
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1709
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 511  bm
dimensions 38.7 x 6.4 x -- m
material wood
rigging
speed  
about the loss
cause lost gale/storm
date lost 10/11/1721  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Woolwich Naval Dockyard, London
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 2 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 14/01/2008
last update Lettens Jan
last update 05/01/2009
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan06/08/2012
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

Access restrictions. Restrictions: An area within 100m radius of position 49°57'27''N, 05°12'56'' W. No part of the site lies above the high-water mark of ordinary spring tides. Chart affected: 2345. This site is a designated Historic Wreck under the Protection of Wrecks Act, 1973

Lettens Jan06/08/2012

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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  Pictures  
 
copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu   
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Lettens Jan10/11/2012HMS ROYAL ANNE

GALLEY; 42 cannons; Built in 1709, Woolwich. Foundered in 1721.
  • 1709 Capt. Robert TREVOR, appointed 2nd March. 1715 Capt. James STEWART, 1720 Capt. Francis WILLIS, ordered to proceed to Barbados with Lord Belhaven, who had been appointed governor of the island, and was wrecked during a gale off Lizard Point in Cornwall on 10th. November 1729, there were only two survivors.
ref. used 
 Phillips Michael, History Of The Royal Navy During The Napoleontic Era
Lettens Jan06/08/2012UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Lettens Jan14/01/2008HMS ROYAL ANNE GALLEY; 5th Rate; 42 cannons; 511 bm; 127x21 ft; Built in 1709, Woolwich. She foundered during a storm on 10th November 1721, off The Lizard. Only 2 survived.
ref. used 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy
Eekelers Dirk25/01/2006The Royal Anne, built at Woolwich and launched in 1709, was a fifth rate and the last oared fighting ship built for the Royal Navy. She was carrying Lord Belhaven, the new Governor of Barbados, to the West Indies in 1721, but when bad weather forced her to return to port in Falmouth and she was wrecked on the Stag Rocks. The site was discovered by members of the Southwest Branch of the Nautical Ar chaeology Society in 1992, and artefacts raised include cutlery bearing Lord Belhaven´s family crest.

(The painting probably depicts the ´Royal Anne´ arriving with the Queen of Portugal at Spithead)

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Royal Anne [+1721]
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