british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Fidelity (D57) (+1942)
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general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1920
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 2356  grt
dimensions 80.7 x 12.6 x 5.7 m
material steel
engine triple expansion engine
armament 4x 4inch guns, 4 torpedo tubes, 2 seaplanes. 1 motor torpedo boat.
power 252  n.h.p.
speed 10.5  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 30/12/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.369rank: 302
about people
builder
H. & C. Grayson Ltd., Garston, Liverpool
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Fidelity (D57) (+1942)
period 1940 ~ 1942
prev. owners
[2]Nicolas Paquet & Cie - Cie. De Navigation Marocaine Et Arménienne, Marseille
Le Rhin
period 1923 ~ 1940
[3]Maurel Frères, Bordeaux
Le Rhin
period 1920 ~ 1923
captain Lt. C.A.M. Costa
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
  uboat.net
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 04/01/2008
last update Avec43
last update 10/09/2011
 
  Position  
 
Allen Tony04/01/2008
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  History  
 
Allen Tony15/03/2008Fidelity SS was a British Cargo Steamer of 2,456 tons built in 1920. She was built as French Le Rhin for Compagnie de Navigation Paquet, Marseille. In June 1940 taken over by Britain, converted to the special service vessel (SSV) HMS Fidelity (D 57) and commissioned on 24th September 1940. The ship was armed with four 4in guns and four torpedo tubes and equipped with two seaplanes, a motor torpedoboat (MTB), HF/DF and torpedo nets.

On the 30th December 1942 when on route from the UK - Colombo, India in Convoy ONS-154 as a straggler and carrying commandoes and 2 landing craft she was torpedoed by German submarine U-435 and sunk. 327 killed. The landing crafts HMS LCV-752 and HMS LCV-754 on board were lost with the ship. The MTB with eight men floated free from the fast sinking ship and wer e picked up by the HMCS Woodstock (K 238). They were the only survivors apart from two men that had been picked up by the HMCS St Laurent (H 83) after a seaplane of the vessel crashed on take off.
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Fidelity (D57) (+1942)
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