british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Jasper (+1817)
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nationality british
purpose war
type sloop-of-war
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1808
weight (tons) 237 
material wood
about the loss
cause lost ran aground (wrecked)
date lost 20/01/1817  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
Bailey, Ipswich
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 28/12/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 28/12/2007
Lettens Jan28/12/2007
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copyright: UK Hydrographic Office
 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
Lettens Jan24/01/2008HMS JASPER; Brig-Sloop; 10 cannons; 237 bm; Built in 1808 by Bailey, Ipswich.

On 20th January 1817, HMS JASPER, on a return trip from Algiers, was approaching the save haven of Plymouth in hurricane conditions, when she was driven on to the Bear´s Head at Mount Batten in Plymouth Sound and wrecked. 65 people on board were drowned. Only 2 men, a seaman and a marine, survived.

In the same gale, the anchored HMS Telegraph was wrecked on the Eastern part of Plymouth Sound.
ref. used: 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy

About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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