british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Firebrand (+1781)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type fire ship
propulsion sailing ship
date built
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 285  bm
dimensions
material wood
rigging
armament 16 cannons
speed  
about the loss
cause lost explosion
date lost 11/10/1781  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 25/12/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 11/05/2011
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan23/06/2008
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 Smith Tom
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copyright: UK Hydrographic Office
 
 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan25/12/2007HMS FIREBRAND; Sloop; 285 bm; 16 cannons; Purchased in 1777, ex ANNAPOLIS. Fireship in 1778, ex PORPOISE. Blew up in 1781, off Falmouth.
ref. used 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Firebrand (+1781)
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