british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Blenheim (+1807)
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nationality british
purpose war
type Ship of the Line
subtype/class 2nd rate Ship of the Line
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1761
weight (tons) 1827 
dimensions 53.6 x 15 x -- m
material wood
about the loss
cause lost gale/storm
date lost 05/02/1807  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
Woolwich Naval Dockyard, London
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 04/12/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 19/01/2008
Lettens Jan23/12/2007
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copyright: Portuguese Hydrographic Institute
 copyright: Portuguese Hydrographic Institute copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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Lettens Jan23/12/2007HMS BLENHEIM; 2nd rate; 90 cannons; 1.827 bm; 176x49 ft; Built in 1761, Woolwich DY.

Despite bring unfit dor the sea (after running aground in Penang) BLENHEIM left Madras on 12 January 1807 with JAVA and HAZARD but, on 5 February, HAZARD lost contact with her two consorts during a gale off the island of Rodriguez and they were not seen again.
When last sighted both had signals of distress flying and BLENHEIM appeared to be settling in the water.
It is possible that JAVA ran foul of the sinking BLENHEIM while trying to rescue Sir Thomas TROUBRIDGE.
ref. used: 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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