british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Barbadoes (+1812)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type frigate (old warship)
subtype/class 6th rate frigate
propulsion sailing ship
date built
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 775 
dimensions 42.7 x 35.7 x 10.7 m
material wood
rigging
speed  
about the loss
cause lost ran aground (wrecked)
date lost 28/09/1812  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 28/11/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 05/06/2008
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan28/11/2007
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan26/04/2008 Barbadoes HMS; 775 tons; 139x117x35 ft.; Fifth Rate, later reduced to Sixth Rate 3 masts; Built at France. Registered at United Kingdom.

On the 28th September 1812, Barbadoes HMS ran aground, off Sable Island. Cargo: silver and gold specie and bullion ($500,000).
ref. used 
 Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, museum.gov.ns.ca
Lettens Jan23/12/2007HMS BARBADOES; 6th Rate; 26 cannons; 755 bm; 140x36.5 ft; ex-French privateer LE BRAVE taken on 16 March 1803 by Capt. Frederick MAITLAND in LOIRE. Wrecked in 1812.

While sailing to Halifax with three small vessels under convoy, BARBADOES and two of the vessels struck on the N. W. bar of Sable Island during the night of 28 September 1812 and were wrecked.
The boats were stove in by the heavy surf before half the crew had been landed and she was smashed to pieces within 48 hours but only one man lost his life. BARBADOES had been carrying 60.000 dollars for the Halifax Dockyard, this was saved by attaching a buoy to each of the cases.
The vessel that escaped took the news to Halifax and 12 days later they were rescued by SHANNON and a schooner.
The loss was blamed on an extraordinary and uncertain strength of currents.
ref. used 
 Phillips Michael, History Of The Royal Navy During The Napoleontic Era


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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