british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Orpheus (N46) (+1940)
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nationality british
purpose war
type submarine
subtype/class Odin class submarine (br.)
Odin class submarine (br.) Odin HMS (N84) (+1940)
propulsion diesel and batteries
date built 1927
weight (tons) 2060  disp (subm)
dimensions 86.4 x 9.1 x 4.88 m
material steel
engine 2 × diesel engines, 4,600 hp, 2 × electric motors, 350 hp, twin screws .
armament armament: 16 torpedoes, 8 × 21"/533 mm T.T. (6 fwd, 2 aft), 1 × QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk XII deck gun, 2 × Lewis A.A
power 9200  h.p.
speed 17.5  knots
yard no. 650
about the loss
cause lost depth charge
date lost 27/06/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
William Beardmore & Co. Ltd., Glasgow
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
complement 54
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Claes Johnny
entered 28/11/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 19/09/2013
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 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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Claes Johnny28/11/2007Depth charged by Italian destroyer Turbine in the Eastern Mediterranean
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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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