british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Arethusa (+1779)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war
type frigate (old warship)
subtype/class 5th rate frigate
propulsion sailing ship
date built 1757
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 700 
dimensions 40.2 x 10.5 x -- m
material wood
rigging
speed  
about the loss
cause lost naval battle
other reasons ran aground (wrecked)
date lost 19/03/1779  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Arethusa (+1779)
period 1759 ~ 1779
prev. owners
[2]Marine Royale Française
Arethuse
period 1758 ~ 1759
[3]Unknown
Pèlerine
period 1757 ~ 1758
captain Everitt, Charles Holmes
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 26/11/2007
last update Avec43
last update 16/04/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Avec4316/04/2013
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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
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  History  
 
Avec4316/04/2013Se brisa sur les écueils de Molène (France) durant un combat contre la frégate française Aigrette. Les quelque 200 rescapés du naufrage furnt faits prisonniers par les habitants de l'île

Broke on the Molène Rocks (France) during a battle against the French frigate Aigret. About 200 survivors of the wreck were captured by the inhabitants of the island

Se estrelló en las rocas deMolène (Francia) durante una batalla en contra de la Aigrette, fragata francesa. Unos 200 supervivientes fueront capturados por los habitantes de la isla

Quebrou-s-ae na rocas de Molène (França), durante uma batalha contra a Aigret fragata francesa. Uns 200 sobreviventes foram capturado pelos habitantes da ilha
Lettens Jan22/12/2007HMS ARETHUSA 5th rate; 32 cannons; 700 bm; 132x34.5 ft; French ARETHUSE, taken from the French in 1759. Wrecked off Ushant (Ouessant), 19th March 1779.
ref. used: 
 Colledge & Warlow, Ships of the Royal Navy


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Arethusa (+1779)
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