british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMAV Jervis Bay (F40) (+1940)
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nationality british
purpose transport
type passenger/cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1922
weight (tons) 14164  grt
dimensions 167.34 x 20.73 x 10.06 m
engine turbine engines
armament 8 x 6in (15 cm) guns
power 1977  n.h.p.
speed 15  knots
about the loss
cause lost gunfire - shelled
date lost 05/11/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.187rank: 443
about people
Vickers, Sons & Maxim Ltd., Barrow-In-Furness
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain Fegan Fogarty
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Allen Tony
entered 22/11/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 13/08/2011
Allen Tony29/02/2008
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Allen Tony22/11/2007Originally built to carry emigrants to Australia, the Aberdeen and Commonwealth Line 14,164 ton liner Jervis Bay was taken over by the Admiralty in 1939 and converted to an Armed Merchant Cruiser (MAC Ship) with a crew of 254 men. On the 5th of November the Jervis Bay was the sole escort for convoy HX-84 from Halifax to Britain and consisting of 37 freighters.

When the convoy was attacked by the German battleship Admiral Scheer, the Jervis Bay engaged the Scheer in a desperate attempt to enable the convoy to escape. In a twenty two minute battle the Bay´s commander, Captain Fogarty Fegan, and most of his officers were killed.

In all, 187 officers and crew were lost when the blazing ship sank 755 miles south-southwest of Reykjavic, Iceland. The Admiral Scheer went on to sink six other ships in the convoy which took the lives of another 251 men.

Fifty six survivors were rescued by the Swedish freighter Stureholm (Capt. Sven Olander) but three died before reaching the port of Halifax.


1. Captain Fogarty Fegan was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

2. On December 11, 1940, the Stureholm was sunk with all hands by the U-96.

3.On April 9, 1945, Admiral Scheer was bombed and sunk by the RAF while at her anchorage in Kiel.
Lettens Jan13/08/2011CONVOY HX-84

The German battlecruiser Admiral Scheer sailed on 14 October 1940 and her first target was convoy HX-84 from Halifax Nova Scotia, which had been identified by B-Dienst radio intercepts. Admiral Scheer's seaplane located the convoy on 5 November 1940 and, believing it to be unescorted, Admiral Scheer closed in.

However, as the convoy appeared over the horizon, one vessel sailed out to challenge her. The HMS Jervis Bay , commanded by Captain Edward Fegen, was an armed merchant ship and was the only defence for the convoy. Owing to insufficient Allied warship numbers at this early stage in the war, convoys received destroyer escorts only on the last three days of their journey.

HMS Jervis Bay with her eight 6 in (15 cm) guns was hopelessly outclassed, but the German ship had to deal with her before pursuing the convoy, which had already begun to scatter and make smoke. Admiral Scheer succeeded in sinking six other ships, Kenbane Head, Beaverford, Fresno City, Maidan, Mopan, Trewellard and setting the tanker San Demetrio on fire (later salvaged).

The damage inflicted by Admiral Scheer would have been far greater, had it not been for the sacrifice of courageous HMS Jervis Bay and her heroic crew.

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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