british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Juno (F46) [+1941]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class J class destroyer (1938 br.)
J class destroyer (1938 br.) Jackal HMS (F22) [+1942]
propulsion steam
date built 1937
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 1690  disp (surf)
dimensions 108.7 x 10.9 x 3.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 drum boilers, dual shaft 2 shafts
armament 6 x 4.7"/120 mm guns, 4 x 2 pdr., 8 x .5" mg, 10 (2x5) 21"/533 mm T.T.
power 40000  s.h.p.
speed 36  knots
yard no. 667
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 21/05/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.116rank: 514
about people
builder
Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 183~218
about the wreck
depth (m.) 3200 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 18/11/2007
last update Allen Tony
last update 09/12/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan21/05/2009
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Allen Tony21/05/2008Juno HMS (F46) was a British Royal Navy Destroyer Type Class J built in 1937 by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co of Govan, Scotland. On the 21st May 1941 while operating in the Kaso Strait, SE of Crete she was attacked by Italian Cant Z1007bs and hit by three high level bombs. She split in two abaft the bridge and sank in 97 seconds. Casualties were high, 116 presumed killed.
ref. used: 
  hmscavalier.org.uk
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
Between the two World Wars Fairfield, Glasgow's largest shipyard, built many famous ships for customers which included Anchor Line, Donaldson Line, Canadian Pacific Line and Orient Line. A financial crisis at Fairfield in 1965 led to the formation of Upper Clyde Shipbuilders. UCS collapsed in 1971, but a determined campaign by shipyard workers ensured that the yard survived as Govan Shipbuilders. - The yard was sold in 1988 to the Norwegian company Kvaerner. Kvaerner Govan specialised in the design and build of large, sophisticated gas and chemical carriers as well as specialist, one-off vessels for a wide range of uses. Defence contractors BAE Systems acquired the yard in 1999, after Kvaerner decided to pull out of shipbuilding. As the sole remaining builder of merchant ships in Glasgow, the yard has strong hopes of future prosperity in the 21st century.

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HMS Juno (F46) [+1941]
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