british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Janus (F53) [+1944]
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nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class J class destroyer (1938 br.)
J class destroyer (1938 br.) Jackal HMS (F22) [+1942]
propulsion steam
date built 1938
weight (tons) 1690  disp (surf)
dimensions 108.7 x 10.9 x 3.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 drum boilers, dual shaft 2 shafts
armament 6 x 4.7"/120 mm guns, 4 x 2 pdr., 8 x .5" mg, 10 (2x5) 21"/533 mm T.T.
power 40000  s.h.p.
speed 36  knots
about the loss
cause lost air raid
other reasons torpedo
date lost 23/01/1944  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.162rank: 467
about people
Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
complement 183~218
about the wreck
depth (m.) 35 max. / -- min. (m)
war grave
entered by Allen Tony
entered 18/11/2007
last update Allen Tony
last update 23/01/2010
[1] Lettens Jan29/12/2008
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  copyright: Brian Clarkson, Whitby  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Allen Tony18/11/2007Janus HMS (F53) was a British Royal Navy Destroyer Type Class J built in 1937 by Swan Hunter and Wigham RichardsonLtd of Wallsend on Tyne, UK. On the 23rd January 1944 she was hit by a torpedo from a German Hwe-111 aircraft and sunk.
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Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
From: Janes Fighting Ships 1919

SWAN. HUNTER & WIGHAM RICHARDSON, LTD. (WALLSEND-ON-TYNE), Twenty-one building berths, fifteen of which are served by overhead electric cranes. Four berths covered in. Employees : about 8000. Annual gross shipbuilding capacity (1918) : 150,000 tons. Engine works : 100,000 H.P. output per year.

The dry docks dept, includes a large repairing yard with two graving docks and two floating docks. Engine works have developed the Neptune and Polar marine oil engines. Total area of works : 78 acres. Water frontage : 4000 ft. Shipyard also at Southwick-on-Wear, with three building berths. Allied firms are the Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co., Ltd.. Wallsend ; Barclay. Curle & Co., Ltd., of Whiteinch, Govan. Elderslie and Glasgow.

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HMS Janus (F53) [+1944]
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