british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Jackal (F22) [+1942]
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nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class J class destroyer (1938 br.)
propulsion steam
date built 1937
weight (tons) 1690  disp (surf)
dimensions 108.7 x 10.9 x 3.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 drum boilers, dual shaft 2 shafts
armament 6 x 4.7"/120 mm guns, 4 x 2 pdr., 8 x .5" mg, 10 (2x5) 21"/533 mm T.T.
power 40000  s.h.p.
speed 36  knots
yard no. 556
about the loss
cause lost scuttled
date lost 12/05/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
complement 183~218
about the wreck
depth (m.) 3050 max. / -- min. (m)
war grave
entered by Allen Tony
entered 18/11/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 25/10/2013
[1] Lettens Jan12/05/2009
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Allen Tony12/05/2008Jackal HMS (F22) was a British Royal Navy Destroyer Type Class J built in 1937 by John Brown Shipbuilding & Engineering Cpy Ltd of Clydebank, Scotland. She was powered by a 2-shaft Parsons geared turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, oil, 40,000shp giving 36 knots. On the 11th May she was bombed and heavily damaged off Mersa Matruth, Egypt by German Ju88 aircraft. She was scuttled on the 12th May 1942 by HMS Jervis.
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Lettens Jan14/12/2009On 10 May HMS Lively sailed from Alexandria with HMS Jervis, HMS Jackal and HMS Kipling to intercept an enemy supply convoy off the North African coast.

On May 11th the flotilla came under heavy air attack. Lively was dive-bombed and sunk 100 miles north east of Tobruk, with the loss of 77 of her crew.

Jervis and Jackal were both damaged in these attacks, with Jackal having to be scuttled by Jervis, after attempts to tow her failed.

Jervis took on board survivors from both Lively and Jackal, and returned them to Alexandria.
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
One of the largest naval shipbuilders in the UK, John Brown produced both battleships and cruisers in quantity for the Royal Navy and approved foreign clients (Chile, Japan). Brown's was also noted for ocean liners of the largest size and speed, including the LUSITANIA, AQUITANIA, QUEEN MARY, and both QUEEN ELIZABETHs for the Cunard Line. The company had its own steelworks in Sheffield and shipyard in Clydebank, a city actually named for its shipyard, near Dalmuir on the Clyde. At peak workforce before WWI the works directly employed over 10,000 men. In the midst of this prewar arms race and prosperity in 1907, the company issued a commemorative volume on the completion of the LUSITANIA. Not content to tout the ship herself, the company produced an impressive brag piece for the yard -- our source for many of the photos here reproduced. Notable warships built at the yard included the Japanese battleship ASAHI, the British battleships HINDUSTAN, AFRICA, and VALIANT (QE class), and the battlecruisers TIGER, REPULSE, INDEFATIGABLE, and HOOD. In 1971 Browns was sold to Marathon Oil. The shipyard remained in service to the North Sea oil industry before being closed by a successor company; the site was demolished in 2002. It is now the site of Clydebank Community College; a few of the original buildings and the giant Titan crane remain in the midst of a bulldozed wasteland. The engineering arm of John Brown continues (after several bouts of acquisition) as John Brown Engineering Gas Turbines Ltd, E. Kilbride, UK.

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HMS Jackal (F22) [+1942]
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