british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Heythrop (L85) [+1942]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class Hunt class escort destroyer (type II br.)
Hunt class escort destroyer (type II br.) Puckeridge HMS (L108) [+1943]
propulsion steam
date built 1940
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 1050  grt
dimensions 85.3 x 9.6 x 2.5 m
material steel [*]
engine 2 x geared turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, dual shaft  [*]
armament 6 × 4" guns on twin mount, 4 × 2 pdr. on quad mount, 2 × 20 mm mg, 110 dcs (2 throwers, 3 racks)  [*]
power 19000  shaft horsepower  [*]
speed 27 [*]  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 20/03/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 164 [*]
about the wreck
depth (m.) 2900 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 18/11/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 20/03/2011


[*] means that the value was inherited from Puckeridge HMS (L108) [+1943], the reference for Hunt class escort destroyer (type II br.).
 
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[1] Lettens Jan23/03/2009
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  History  
 
Claes Johnny20/03/2008At 10.54 hours on 20 Mar, 1942, HMS Heythrop (L 85) was hit by one of four fired torpedoes from U-652 about 40 miles northeast of Bardia and was then taken in tow by HMS Eridge (L 68) towards Tobruk, but foundered five hours later. HMS Heythrop (L 85) carried out an anti-submarine search together with five other Hunt-class destroyers between Alexandria and Bardia during that night, because another Malta convoy was planned to leave Alexandria for Malta (Operation MG-1) on 20 March.
ref. used 
  uboat.net
Allen Tony22/12/2007Heythrop HMS (L85) was a British Royal Navy Destroyer Type Class Hunt (Type 11) built in 1939 by Swan Hunter and Wigham Richardson Ltd of Wallsend upon Tyne. On the 20th March 1942 shen was torpedoed by German submarine U-652 in the Eastern Mediterranean, off Sidi Barrani, Egypt.
ref. used 
  hmscavalier.org.uk


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
From: Janes Fighting Ships 1919

SWAN. HUNTER & WIGHAM RICHARDSON, LTD. (WALLSEND-ON-TYNE), Twenty-one building berths, fifteen of which are served by overhead electric cranes. Four berths covered in. Employees : about 8000. Annual gross shipbuilding capacity (1918) : 150,000 tons. Engine works : 100,000 H.P. output per year.

The dry docks dept, includes a large repairing yard with two graving docks and two floating docks. Engine works have developed the Neptune and Polar marine oil engines. Total area of works : 78 acres. Water frontage : 4000 ft. Shipyard also at Southwick-on-Wear, with three building berths. Allied firms are the Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co., Ltd.. Wallsend ; Barclay. Curle & Co., Ltd., of Whiteinch, Govan. Elderslie and Glasgow.


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