american Us Navy - United States Navy USS Memphis (+1916)
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general
nationality american
purpose war
type cruiser
subtype/class Tennessee class
propulsion steam
date built 1904
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 14700  grt
dimensions 153.8 x 21.9 x 7.6 m
material steel
engine 16 × Babcock and Wilcox boilers 2 × vertical triple expansion engines
armament 4 × 10 in (250 mm)/40 cal Mark 3 guns (2x2), 16 × 6 in (150 mm)/50 cal Mark 8 guns (16x1), 22 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 cal guns (22x1), 4 × 21 in (530 mm) submerged torpedo tubes
power 23000  h.p.
speed 22  knots
about the loss
cause lost tsunami
other reasons ran aground (wrecked)
date lost 29/08/1916  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.40rank: 605
about people
builder
William Cramp & Sons, Ship & Engine Building Co., Philadelphia
owner
Us Navy - United States Navy
captain Captain Edward L. Beach, Sr.
complement 887
about the wreck
status sold for scrap
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 12/11/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 01/11/2009
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan01/11/2009Armored cruiser No. 10 USS Memphis (ex-USS Tennessee) driven ashore and totally wrecked by tidal wave at Santa Domingo, Dominican Republic. 41 killed and 204 injured. 29 Aug. 1916.

In 1922 she was sold for scrap.


ref. used: 
  history.navy.mil


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About Owners
 
Us Navy - United States Navy

John Paul Jones - An American Naval Hero and known as father of the American Navy.

John Paul was born in a gardener's cottage in Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He went to sea as a youth and was a merchant shipmaster by the age of twenty-one. After killing a mutinous sailor at Tobago he added 'Jones' to his name and began a new life in America. He volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy, and managed to obtain a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy.

He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the BONHOMME RICHARD over the HMS SERAPIS. After the BONHOMME RICHARD began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. Jones is now remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned.

In 1781 he returned to America and Congress passed a vote of thanks to him for the way he had sustained the honour of the American fleet and in 1787 awarded him a gold medal. He also received a gold sword and the Order of Military Merit from Louis XVI.

Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. He spent the remaining years of the war advising on the establishment of the navy and the training of naval officers.

In 1792 Jones was appointed U.S. Consul to Algiers, but in July of that year he died before the commission arrived. He was buried in Paris and his body lay in an alcohol filled coffin in an unmarked grave for over a century. In 1905 his remains were found and taken to the United States where, in 1913, they were finally laid to rest in a marble sarcophagus in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland

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About Builders
 William Cramp & Sons, Ship & Engine Building Co., Philadelphia
William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilding Company was a major shipbuilder with a very distinguished but also very uneven history going back to the 1820s. It was bought by Averell Harriman's American Ship & Commerce Corporation in 1919 and closed in 1927. The yard stretched from Norris Street to Lehigh Avenue, on nearly a quarter of a mile of water-front and over 30 acres. It was revived for the WWII effort, with the encouragement of the Navy, which provided $22mm toward the cost, but with only limited success. Cramp Shipbuilding closed permanently after the war ended.

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