british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMY Sappho (+1940)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type yacht
propulsion steam
date built 1935
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 387 
dimensions
material steel
engine triple expansion engine, single shaft, 1 screw
power 109  n.h.p.
speed  
yard no. 328
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 29/09/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.33rank: 614
about people
builder
Scott & Sons Co. (Bowling), Bowling
engine by
Aitchison, Blair Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Chipchase Nick
entered 06/06/2011
last update Allen Tony
last update 20/02/2014
 
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  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  
 
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  History  
 
Chipchase Nick06/06/2011Requisitioned Nov. 1939 and lost whilst serving as a guard ship at Falmouth. 33 crew lost. Originally owned by J. Campbell Blair, Glasgow from 1935-1939

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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