american Waterman Steamship Co. SS Hastings (+1943)
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general
nationality american
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1920
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 5401  grt
dimensions 127.4 x 16.5 x 9.2 m
material steel
engine 2 steam turbines geared to 1 screwshaft
armament 1x 4inch gun, 2x 30cal guns, 4x 20mm guns
power 674  n.h.p.
speed 10.5  knots
yard no. 9
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 23/02/1943  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.9rank: 655
about people
builder
Pensacola Shipbuilding Co., Pensacola
owner
Waterman Steamship Co., Mobile (Alabama)
captain Richard O.West
complement 20
no. of crew 40
no. of passengers 1
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
[1] Lloyd's of London, Lloyd's Register of Shipping
[2]  uboat.net
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 03/11/2007
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 27/06/2012
 
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Allen Tony03/11/2007
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Allen Tony17/03/2008Hastings SS was an American Cargo Steamer of 5,401 tons built in 1920. On the 23rd February 1943 when on route from SWANSEA & BELFAST LOUGH for NEW YORK in Convoy ON-166 and carrying 1,500 tons of coal slag ballast she was torpedoed by German submarine U-186 and sunk when about 310 miles S of Cape Race. 9 crew lost from a total crew of 62.
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 ubootwaffe
Lettens Jan31/10/2010CONVOY ON-166

February 21st 1943

the Battle to protect convoy ON 166 from German submarines begins as U-332 and U-603 torpedo and sink Norwegian motor tanker Stigstad.

U-92 torpedoes British steamer Empire Trader (she will be scuttled by Canadian corvette HMCS Dauphin).

Coast Guard cutter Campbell (WPG-32), British corvette HMS Dianthus and Canadian corvette Dauphin, aided by flying boats, temporarily drive off U-332, U-454, and U-753 threatening the merchantmen.

Coast Guard cutter Spencer (WPG-36) sinks German submarine U-225....

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ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII


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About Builders
 Pensacola Shipbuilding Co., Pensacola
Pensacola Shipbuilding Company was a wholly owned subsidiary of Ketler-Elliot Erection Company of Chicago.
 
 
  History  
 
Lettens Jan31/10/2010CONVOY ON-166

February 21st 1943

the Battle to protect convoy ON 166 from German submarines begins as U-332 and U-603 torpedo and sink Norwegian motor tanker Stigstad.

U-92 torpedoes British steamer Empire Trader (she will be scuttled by Canadian corvette HMCS Dauphin).

Coast Guard cutter Campbell (WPG-32), British corvette HMS Dianthus and Canadian corvette Dauphin, aided by flying boats, temporarily drive off U-332, U-454, and U-753 threatening the merchantmen.

Coast Guard cutter Spencer (WPG-36) sinks German submarine U-225.

February 22nd

British rescue ship Stockport rescues Empire Trader's survivors. German submarine U-92 torpedoes Norwegian motor tanker N. T. Nielsen Alonso (which is again torpedoed by U-92 and then by U-753, but is eventually scuttled by Polish destroyer Burza).

U-606 torpedoes a trio of merchantmen: U.S. freighters Chattanooga City, Expositor, as well as British steamer Empire Redshank. Chattanooga City sinks. Canadian corvette HMCS Trillium rescues all hands (including the 21-man Armed Guard) from Chattanooga City as well as 34 of 41 merchant sailors (two of whom die of their wounds) and the entire 21-man Armed Guard from Expositor. Trillium scuttles Empire Redshank.

U-606's opportunity to savor her triple play is short-lived, for Canadian corvette HMCS Chilliwack and Polish destroyer Burza depth charge U-606 and drive her to the surface, where Coast Guard cutter Campbell (WPG-32) rams and sinks her. Campbell, damaged in the encounter, is taken in tow by Burza.

February 23rd

After Canadian corvette HMCS Trillium's attempt to scuttle U.S. freighter Expositor (torpedoed the previous day by U-606) with depth charges fails, it falls to German submarine U-303 to sink the hardy American merchantman.

U-186 then torpedoes and sinks U.S. freighter Hastings as well as British motor tanker Eulima. From Hastings, nine merchant sailors (of the 41-man civilian complement) perish, but all 20 Armed Guards and the ship's sole passenger survive, rescued by Canadian corvette HMCS Chilliwack.

U-604 hits the British merchant Stockport with 2 torpedoes and she sinks within 3 minutes, taking with her the entire crew of 64.

The Norwegian tanker Glittre, first damaged by U-628, is sunk by 2 torpedoes from U-603.

The Panamian tanker Winkler is torpedoed and sunk by U-223, after being damaged by U-628. 19 were killed.

U-707 torpedoes and sinks straggling U.S. freighter Jonathan Sturges; no. 1 lifeboat (with 19 survivors on board) from Jonathan Sturges encounters one from torpedoed Dutch motorship Madoera (three men on board) and transfers eight men to the Dutch lifeboat to equalize the number of survivors in each craft; Jonathan Sturges's no. 3 lifeboat (nine men) locates one merchant sailor in the no. 2 boat and four Armed Guards from the ship; that second group of survivors is then divided between boats no. 2 and no. 3 to distribute them evenly.

February 24th

Defense of convoy ON 166 continues; German submarine U-604 is damaged by depth charges from Coast Guard cutter Spencer (WPG-36) or corvettes HMCS Chilliwack, HMCS Rosthern or HMCS Trillium. U-621 conducts unsuccessful attack on Spencer. The American Jonathan Sturges (7.176 grt.) is sunk by U-707 and the Norwegian Ingria (3.491 grt.) is sunk by U-628.

N. T. Nielsen-Alonso, already hit by 2 torpedoes from U-92 is abandoned and hit again by a torpedo from U-753 and still afloat. The merchant is later scuttled by ORP Burza.

February 25th

Battle to protect convoy ON 166 comes to a close. U-92 and U-600 conduct unsuccessful attacks on Coast Guard cutter Spencer (WPG-36). U-628 torpedoes and sinks British steamer Manchester Merchant, bringing to a close enemy operations against ON 166, for the enemy loses contact with the convoy this evening.
ref. used: 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
 
 
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SS Hastings (+1943)
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